Name: ________________________________ Date: ___________________ Pd: __________ LATIN AMERICA: CHAPTER 2 – EARLY CIVILIZATIONS & EUROPEAN CONQUEST VOCABUARLY AND TERMS ____ 1. aqueduct ____ 2. Atahualpa ____ 3. census ____ 4. Christopher Columbus ____ 5. conquistador ____ 6. Cuzco ____ 7. Franscico Pizarro ____ 8. Hernán Cortés ____ 9. hacienda ____ 10. hieroglyphics ____ 11. maize ____ 12. mestizo ____ 13. Moctezuma ____ 14. Tenochtitlán ____ 15. quipu A. Inca king at the time Pizarro came to the New World. B. A system of writing using signs and symbols. C. Corn. D. The capital city of the Aztec empire. E. The floating garden beds the Aztecs made. F. The capital of the Incan empire. G. The Incan emperor who expanded the empire. H. An official count of all the people in an area and how they make a living. I. Knotted strings on which the Incas recorded information. J. A pipe or channel that carries water from a distant source. K. Ruler of the Aztecs at the time Cortés came. L. Italian explorer sponsored by Spain who landed in the West Indies in 1492. M. A conqueror who claimed and ruled land in the Americas for the Spanish government in the 1500s. N. The conquistador who conquered the Aztec empire. O. The conquistador who conquered the Inca empire. P. A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry. Q. A large farm or plantation which Native Americans and slaves from Africa were forced to work on. R. The right given to Spanish settlers to demand taxed or labor from Native Americans. CONCEPTS Columbus was searching for trade route to Asia when he landed on an island in the Caribbean. Conquistadors came to conquer because they were promised whatever riches they could find. Spain and Portugal divided up the New World (South America). Spain got the west side (on the Pacific Ocean) and Brazil got the east side (on the Atlantic Ocean; Brazil). Know 4 reasons the conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec and/or Incas: o Diseases: small pox, chicken pox, measles killed hundreds of thousands of Native Americans. o Mocteczuma thought Cortés was a god prophesized to return in that year, coming from the east and wearing a beard. o Conquistadors had guns, cannons, horses, and dogs. o Cortés got extra supplies and men. o Inca Empire was in a political power struggle. o Aztec Empire was in a time of the year when they should not have prepared for war.