Aim: What facts do we know about the Inca Empire? Do Now: Based on this image what info can you give about this civilization? HW: In a paragraph describe one agricultural problem the Incas had and how did they solve it. I. Inca Empire (1200-1535) A Geography 1. Located on the west coast of S. America in the Andes Mts. 2. Largest of all the Mesoamerican civilizations Machu Picchu B. Government 1. Ruled by an emperor a descendent of the Sun God. 2. Several classes of people Priest Soldiers Artisans Farmers Slaves (conquered enemies) C. Economy 1. Based on Agriculture, the Incas carved flat terraces into the Mountainous terrain in order to grow crops 2. Developed an extensive system of irrigation to water crops and roads to encourage trade Inca Empire 1400-1535 I. Geography 1. West coast of South America. 2. Andes Mountains. 3. Largest of all Mesoamerican civilizations. II. Government 1. All-powerful emperor. A. Descendant of the Sun God. 2. Class system – Priests, soldiers, artisans, farmers & slaves. III. Economy 1. Based on Agriculture A. Terrace farming – carved flat surfaces on mountains to allow farming. 2. Irrigation system to water crops. 3. Extensive road system. 4. Mita – every citizen must work for the government for part of the year. A. Received care in return. B. Similar to socialism. Answer the questions based on the map below. 1. Which empire lasted the longest? 2. Which coast of South America was the Inca Empire on? 3. Why were the Incan roads especially important for the Incas? HW: In a paragraph describe one agricultural and problem the Incas had and how did they solve it.