Vocabulary Terms

1. Aztec – the most powerful native civilization in central and southern Mexico at the time of European exploration. 2. Tenochtitlan – Now Mexico City, was the capital city of the Aztec 3. Nahuatl – A modern version of the Aztec language that is still spoken by thousands of people in Mexico. 4. conquistador – name given to Spanish explorers that came to Latin America and conquered the native people. 5. Hernan Cortes – the Spanish conquistador that conquered the Aztec Empire in Mexico in 1519-1521. 6. colony – an area controlled by a foreign country in order to contribute to the wealth of the controlling country. 7. Montezuma II – Aztec ruler from about 1500-1520. 8. Inca – South American natives who, at the time of European exploration, lived along the western coast from present-day Colombia south to Chile. 9. Cusco – capital and center of the Inca Empire – in Peru 10. Quechua – language of the Inca that is still spoken today 11. Francisco Pizarro – Spanish conquistador who conquered the Inca Empire between 1531-1533. 12. viceroy – title given to a Spanish person by the King of Spain who acted as a governor in colonial areas. 13. Atahualpa – last ruler of the Inca Empire 14. indigenous population – people who are native to an area 15. Columbian Exchange – the moving of animals, plants, people, and diseases between the Old and New Worlds 16


mulattoes – Latin Americans in Brazil, Panama and the West Indies whose ancestors were both African and European. 17. mestizos – people whose ancestors were both European and Native American – most Venezuelans belong to this group 18. Santeria – a Cuban religion base on African traditional beliefs