The Awakening Foils Chart (Female Version) Remember that foils are established through characterization, be it direct (what the author comes out and says about the character) or indirect (what the character says and thinks about themselves, how the character acts or looks, or what others say about the character). If you can deal with characterization you can deal with foils. Mrs. Ratignolle Edna Ms. Reisz Text Analysis Text Analysis Text Analysis perfect woman, married, extremely happy with her life, beautiful, blonde, fertile, Victorian woman ideal, conforming Text: ~ "Many of them were delicious in the role; one of them was the embodiment of every womanly grace and charm. If her husband did not adore her, he was a brute, deserving of death by slow torture. Her name was Meets societal expectations of women - Great caretaker and bearer of children, loving of her husband, knows her place - Symbolizes women's role in society - Ideal Victorian woman - Does not question her place/role as a woman, mother, wife unlike Edna - Is wholly defined by her husband and children, does not reject societies expectations Lost and troubled as to who she really is, trapped, ultimately submissive despite spells of obstinacy,sexual, detached, a wife and mother, a Presbyterian from Kentucky 3. "Even as a child she had lived her own small life all within herself. At a very early period she had apprehended instinctively the dual life- that outward existence which conforms, the inward life which questions." (Ch. 7, pg. 13) "Outward" Edna conforms and assumes the role of a mother and a wife while "inward" Edna despises these roles and questions their prevalence in her life - Over time, the "inward" Edna dominates as demonstrated by her acts of defiance towards her husband and attempts to swim - She exists within two worlds- society and individuality - Edna understands the inherent "dual" nature of a woman in which there are innate roles in society an outcast in society, not accepted by her peers, a little woman, disagreeable, older/ more mature, self assertive, unmarried, a mother, musical 3. Text: "..the most disagreeable and unpopular woman who ever lived in Bienville Street. He thanked heaven she had left the neighborhood , and equally thankful that he did not know where she had gone." p.59 Ms. Reize is not socially accepted because she is not married and has a child which is looked down upon in societal standards -Her music talents and success are overlooked because of her outward characterizati on -She tends to isolate herself from others -She relates to Edna because Edna is discovering to become an individual just has Ms. Reize had -She is not like the other Adele Ratignolle." (Ch. 4) ~ "...her beauty was all there, flaming and apparent; the spun-gold hair that comb nor confining pin could restrain; the blue eyes that were like nothing but sapphires; two lips that pouted, that were so red one could only think of cherries or some other delicious crimson fruit in looking at them." (Ch. 4) ~ "About every two years she had a baby." (Ch. 4) and is not defined by her individual self like Mademoisell e Reisz as submissives (C.21) as well as the concealed individuality that resides in their internal beings. - Edna cannot outwardly express her "inward" self because it has not only been consumed by the position she holds as a woman in society but it could ultimately lead to destruction in which she is ostracized - Different than Adele who does not have that inner self that questions and is entirely characterized by one that conforms and hold true to societal expectations of women. She never questions her position as a woman in society - Different that Mademoiselle women -No one really enjoys or wants her company -Ms. Reize defines herself and tries to escape the pressures of the society around her by moving around -Men do not like her because she does not fit the ideal expectation for a household woman -She is not significant in society because she does not conform to it Reisz who is entirely defined by the individual self who questions conformity and negates society in all ways the ideal woman in society's eyes. She is there for the needs of her children and husband and generally lacks her own identity in the eyes of Edna. Direct Characterizati on Text: " She was moved by a kind of commiseratio n for Madame Ratignolle,- a pity for that colorless existence which never uplifted its possessor beyond the region of blind contentment, in which no moment of Mrs. Ratignolle is content with society's demands of a woman. She is the model women in the eyes of society always tending to the needs of her children and husband. Edna sees Mrs. Ratignolle's "colorless existence" as one that lacks a true identity for herself and is entirely dependent on her family. Unlike Mrs. Rieze and Edna, Adele conforms to the standards of society and wife to Leonce and mother, "her manner was engaging," "her face was captivating," "eyes were quick and bright" 3) "...taking off her wedding ring, flung it upon the carpet. When she saw it lying there, she stamped her heel upon it, striving to crush it. But her small boot heel did not make an indenture, not a mark upon the little glittering circlet...She wanted to destroy something." (chapter 17, page 52) Edna attempting to destroy her wedding ring represents her want to destroy society's expectations for a wife and mother. No matter how hard she tries to destroy it and how much she wants to destroy it, it does not even make a mark on the ring, illustrating how the societal expectations for a wife cannot be eradicated. When Edna has her ring on, she is expected to be a loving, obedient wife, but when she takes her ring off, she can be herself. Edna's portrayal of a wife is Ms. Reize is ultimately portrayed as an outcast from society and one who quarrels with the conformed members of the social construct. Text: "She was a disagreeable little woman, no longer young, who had quarreled with almost every one, owing to a temper which was selfassertive and a disposition to trample upon the rights of others." She does not get along with others because they view her as subordinate to themselves due to the fact that she has no husband and therefore unable to produce children in a socially acceptable fashion. This makes her isolated and viewed as an outcast from society; however, she is the only one who really understands Edna, because Edna is slowly starting to find her own anguish ever visited her soul, in which she would never have the taste of life's delirium." (Ch 18) lacks a true definition for herself like Edna's drawing and Mrs. Reize's piano skills. blonde, beautiful, perfect woman as viewed by society, lack's a self identity. Text; "she was moved by a kind of commiseratio n for Madame Ratignolle,-A pity for that colorless existence which never uplifted its possessor -Excellent caretaker -Conforms and meets societal expectations -Madame Ratignolle is more interested in her children and family than her life. She is more concerned with her family than herself. juxtaposed against Mrs. Ratignolle's, who is represented as a devoted wife and mother, which perfectly fits the view of the expectations for women in society. Edna is also juxtaposed against Ms. Reize, who is considered an outcast in society and completely defies society's expectations for women. characterized as a woman, who throughout her life has always been defined by the men or children she is with. She has just discovered a sense of self and is trying to find her place in the world. 3. Text: "Edna could not help but think that it was foolish, very childish, to have stamped upon her wedding ring and When Edna stomps on her wedding ring, she is defying her husband and displaying how she no longer wants to be confined to him. Edna is also disregarding society and its expectations when she stomps on the ring. However, afterwards Edna realizes that stomping on the personal identity. Ms. Reize is the symbol of the role that Edna will play in the social construct if Edna continues to negate the rules and expectations of society. "She was a disagreeable little woman, no longer young, who had quarreled with almost every one, owing to a temper which was self assertive and a disposition to trample upon the rights of others." Mrs. Reisz is an old, disagreeable, and ornery woman - self assertive attitude that opposes the submissive expectations for women - does not care about other people's feelings; blunt and honest beyond the region of blind contentment, in which no moment of anguish ever visited her soul, in which she would never have the taste of life's delirium." (Ch 18) smashed the crystal vase upon the tiles. She was visited by no more outbursts, moving her to such futile expedients." ring had no effect on her life and was "futile." In turn, Edna decides not to do similar things again. By characterizing Edna in this way, Chopin is able to display how women have the ability to fight back against society's expectations, but will never truly succeed in doing so. Unlike Edna, Mrs. Ratignolle is the perfect woman in society's viewpoint by being completely submissive and by being defined by the others in her life. Ms. Reize is the complete opposite than Mrs. Ratignolle. She went against society's viewpoints and has been cast out. Chopin juxtaposes these characters in - her personality completely contradicts what a "perfect woman" should be in the eyes of society and therefore represents what Edna could possibly become if she publically embraces her individuality - Mrs. Reisz is contrasted against Mrs. Ratignolle to illustrate one of the two extremes on the spectrum of societal conformity. While Adele is the perfect wife, mother, and Victorian woman, Mrs. Reisz is the picture of individuality and the social isolation that accompanies it and Edna is a mixture of order to display what will happen to Edna if she decides to go along with or go against society. Mrs. Ratignolle is characterized as the perfect image of the victorian era woman. Her main roles in the world, producing offspring and taking care of those offspring as well as her husband, are fulfilled to the highest by her. She possesses the utmost beauty and poses no resistance to the expectations set in place for her. 3) Chapter 16, page 47 "Edna had once told Mrs. Ratignolle Mrs. Adele Ratignolle works as a direct foil to Mrs. Edna Pontellier, with Mrs. Ratignolle posing the side of the selfless caring mother who would give everything she has regardless of her own feelings, contrasting to Edna's opposing nature of somewhat selfishness and selfabsorbency. Through these characters, Chopin compares the ideals of the proper Victorian Edna is a woman who has been previously defined by only the men in her life (husband and children) but is now discovering and trying to embrace who she is as an individual. 3. "He could not see that she was becoming herself and daily casting aside that fictitious self which we assume like a garment with which to appear before the world." Edna has up until recently has pretended and tried to be the "perfect wife" in the eyes of society and now Leonce is thrown off by her sudden change - Edna is now aware of her true self, the self that is only defined by her, that she is "casting aside that fictitious self" that is defined by Leonce --> Edna is struggling to find balance between her two selves and therefore often ends up going back to her role as a submissive wife - Ms. Reisz and Mrs. Ratignolle the two, struggling to balance her individuality with societal acceptance. musically talented, "homely," little, disagreeable, old, unpopular, outcast, Text: "She had absolutely no taste in dress, and wore a batch of rusty black lace with a bunch of artificial violets pinned to the side of her hair." As a result of Ms. Reisz being an unmarried old woman, she is already seen as an outcast by society, and the way in which she dresses and presents herself helps to establish the point that she has no desire to impress anyone nor does she have the desire to be the "perfect" woman of said time. Due to both Ms. Reisz and Edna having a distaste for the conformation to society and being defiant that she would never sacrifice herself for her children, or for anyone. Then had followed a rather heated argument; the two women did not appear to understand each other or to be talking the same language," woman with the more real woman, following desires and breaking from expectations rather than suffering in her responsibility. Mrs. Adele Ratignolle functions as the epitome of the idealic beautiful selfless Victorian woman, adored by her peers and living a happy life due to the happiness of those she is responsible for. fertile, beautiful, attractive, feminine, matronly, fashionable, Text: "About every two years she had a baby." "the excessive physical charm of the Adele symbolizes the Victorian ideal of femininity and womanhood -She conforms to the societal expectations, unlike Edna who is trying are completely opposite and Edna is a combination of the two. Mrs. Reisz is only defined by herself and is an outcast in society, but Mrs. Ratignolle is the perfect wife who does not have her own identity. Edna wants to express her individuality but ultimately conforms to society's expectations. Edna is a passionate woman who is finding out her true self, even though her true self goes against the social paradigm as the ideal, traditional woman, and she is slowly gaining content from that. -Edna enjoys finding out who she is as a person, and realizes that she can't move forward happily in life without knowing who she is. -Edna does not enjoy the traditional role of its standards, they ideally will be friends as a result of the inherent ostracization that comes with this defiance and inflated sense of individuality. Ms, Reisz is an unmarried mother who is not excepted by her peers and is an outcast in society. Text: '' In truth, he did not want to know Since Ms.Reisz is not a wife or a mother she is constantly looked down on and an outcast in society. Ms. Reisz relates to Edna because Ms.Reisz is an Creole [Mrs. Ratignolle] had first attracted her, for Edna had a sensuous susceptibility to beauty." to break away, and Ms. Reisz who has broken away but cannot be a part of society. Text:(chapter 16, page 47) "I would give up the unessential...but i wouldn't give up myself. I can't make it more clear; it's only something which I am beginning to comprehend, which is revealing myself to me." of a woman;she abhors it. -Edna symbolizes that not every woman was made to be perfect for marriage and/or to be a mother; there are other pursuits in life that she can do that makes her genuinely happy. -Foil for Madame Ratignolle since adele loves being the perfect housewife and mother while Edna gains depression from it. -Foil for Madamemoisell e Reisz since Reisz is comfortable with herself and enjoys being who she is while Edna is not quite there yet. Madamemoislle Reisz realizes that happiness doesn't anything about her, the most disagreeable and unpopular woman who ever lived in Bienville street. He thanked heaven she had left the neighborhood , and was equally thankful that he did not know where she had gone. individual and that is what Edna is trying to become. She is not liked in society because she does not for fill the expectations of men. necessarily comes from being the perfect woman, but Edna is still holding on to the idea. Mrs. Ratignolle is the picture perfect women in the Victorian society. She worships her husband and centers her entire life around her duties as a mother and wife. Her appearance as a beautiful, blonde, feminine, and fertile makes her the ideal creole women. 3. "Madame Retignolle looked more beautiful than ever there at home, in a neglige which left her arms almost wholly bare and exposed the -wife material -bound by her home. caged. no identity of her own. defined by her husband - beautiful women suppose to stay at home and look pretty - cares for her children and husband -what a woman should do in the eyes of society as opposed to Edna and Ms. Reisz who defy the Victorian society by not conforming and finding their own individualty wife to Leonce and mother to the two children, submissive in the eyes of society due to her role as a woman. Ultimately submissive to her husband, despite multiple spells of "disobediance" Text: "Looking at them reminded her of her rings, which she had given to her husband before leaving for the beach. She silently reached out to him, and he, understanding, took the rings from his vest pocket and dropped them into her open palm. She slipped them upon her fingers." (1.10) - in the beginning (1.10) she's very willing to accept her marriage with leonce. very docile about it, calm about taking the rings back - later on (17.3132) she begins to take umbrage with the marriage. attempts to destroy the wedding ring but ultimately fails, just like she's ultimately going to fail at ending the marriage - the wedding ring, like her marriage, is indestructable in the eyes of society - similar to reize, she's beginning to question the societal roles musically talented, outcast, argues and quarrels with everyone, unconvention al, unpopular, inspires Edna 3. Text: "In truth, he did not want to know her at all...equally thankful that he did not know where she had gone." Ms. Reisz is depicted as an unconvention al member of society because she does not conform to its expectations of women. She is neither a wife nor a mother, and therefore is free from the restraints of a husband and the burden of children. This is the woman Edna wishes she could have been. Since she does not conform to society's rule, Ms. Reisz does not feel the need to let society control her. This makes rich, melting curves of her white throat." (ch18 pg 55) Perfect example of a Victorian woman, beautiful, fertile, motherly, faceless. Text: "Then the candor of the whole "Once she stopped, and taking off her wedding ring, flung it upon the carpet. When she saw it lying there, she stamped her heel upon it, striving to crush it. But her small boot heel did not make an indenture, not a mark upon the little glittering circlet." (17.31-32) Mrs.Ratignoll e is the "poster child" of the Victorian woman , tending to her husband and children. She gets her happiness Unhappy, insecure, submissive, oppressed, unsure of herself, typical woman in society, wife and mother, curious, defined by her family Text: - "An - dissimilar to ratignolle, she's unhappy in her marriage, unhappy to simply be someone who produces children all the time Edna attempts to uphold her role in society as a wife and mother, but is extremely displeased with this lifestyle, which says that there is more to her as a woman others perceive her as "disagreeble and unpopular." Ms. Reisz is the exact opposite of Adele. The significance of Edna's dislike of Adele's "colorless existence" and her desire to spend time with Ms. Reisz indicates that she is anxious for independenc e and freedom from society's expectations of a woman. musically gifted, unmarried, childless, recluse, outcast from society. Text: "she was a disagreeable little woman, Ms. Reisz does not conform to societies views of an adult woman due to the fact that she is unmarried and has not had any woman's existence, which everyone might read, and which formed so striking a contrast to her own habitual reserve-- this might have furnishes a link." only from pleasing her husband and children, giving her no identity other than a mother and a wife. Unlike Mrs.Ratignoll e, Edna is unhappy with her life and seeks to break free from her expectations as a woman to pursue her own happiness, and Mrs. Reisz is a misfit in society for not conforming to the expectations of woman during the era. indescribable oppression, which seemed to generate in some unfamiliar part of her consciousness, filled her whole being with me vague anguish." Ch 10 than being defined by her family. -She is defiant towards her husband by continuing to interact with Robert, and also towards her social expectations by 'attempting to learn how to swim' and discover her internal self, which displays her desire to inquire about her true definition as a woman. -She almost drowns in the sea, which says she knows very little about her (inner) self because of society's external definition of her, and she would not be able to survive without the means of her community because that's what she's known all her no longer young, who had quarreled with almost everyone, owing to a temper which was selfassertive and a disposition to trample upon the rights of others." children. Both Ms. Reisz and Edna having hostility towards the conformation to society and being defiant of its expectations unite them because of a common interest. Ms. Reisz and Edna have similar ideals and are both rebellious towards society. life and has no experience being on her own. -She wishes to explore the other parts of herself and determine who (else) she is and what exactly she wants, but doesn't really want her inner thoughts and feelings to interfere with the security of her social acceptance. -Her coming to terms with the uncomfortablen ess of simply being a wife and mother symbolizes the multidimensiona l characteristics of a woman, and their battle of upholding their roles and responsibilities in society vs their inner qualities that don't necessarily comply with society's expectations. -Edna is juxtaposed against the other two women to demonstrate her struggle to find a balance between being an acceptable woman in society (Mrs. Ratignolle) and a complete social outcast (Ms. Reisz). She wants to be true to herself and content with her life, without being completely ostracized by her community. Her coming to terms with the uncomfortablen ess of simply being a wife and mother symbolizes the multidimensiona l characteristics of a woman, and their battle of upholding their roles and responsibilities in society vs their inner qualities that don't necessarily comply with society's expectations. They [Adele Ratignolle] were women who idolized their children, worshiped their husbands, and esteemed it a holy privilege to efface themselves as individuals and grow wings as ministering angels." -ratignolle is described as the perfect Creole woman and happily conforms to society; she cares for her children and husband and behaves exactly in the manner that she is expected to -her actions display her as a model of the perfect woman, she full fills her husbands needs and childrens without a hint of defiance or misery -edna is described as a woman who is expected to behave like adele yet rejects the role; edna She is usually completely submissive and defined by her husband, but she is changing to self reliant and exploring her independence.She is exploring breaking society's expectations by making her own decisions. Text: "Edna, dear, are you not coming in soon?" he asked again, this time fondly, with a note of entreaty. "No; I am going to stay out here." "This is more than folly," he blurted out. "I can't permit you to stay out there all night. You must come in the house instantly."...."Leon ce. go to bed." she said. "I mean to stay out here. I don't wish to go in, and I don't intend to. Don't speak to me like By refusing to go inside upon her husband's wishes, Edna displays an evolution from her submissive personality to gaining independence and self direction. Edna is moving away from society's standard of how a woman should act. By doing this she is learning that she does not have to always follow her husband's orders and she can make decisions for herself which goes against what society expects of a woman. By characterizing Edna as moving towards self reliance and independence, Chopin can illustrate that would rather that again; I shall focus on not answer you." herself then be pushed into her husband's and childrens' affairs -reisz is a woman who has completely rejected the societal duties placed upon her and has therefore become an outcast; her persona reflects oppositely of adele; reisz lives the way she chooses to despite the "consequenc es" and does not have to tend to anyone except herself "There was nothing subtle or hidden about her charms; her beauty was all there, flaming and apparent: the In societies eyes, Mrs. Ratignolle is portrayed as the perfect woman. She sexually pleases her man, bears once women get a taste of freedom and independence, they start to move away from acceptable behavior. As Edna eventually submits to her husband, Chopin is able to illustrate the futility of this struggle because in the end the man will have the power or the women will be shunned from the society. spun-gold hair that comb nor confining pin could restrain; the blue eyes that were like nothing but sapphires; two lips that pouted, that were so red one could only think of cherries or some other delicious crimson fruit in looking at them. Never were hands more exquisite than hers, it was a joy to look at them when she threaded her needle or adjusted her gold thimble to her taper middle finger as she sewed away on the little nightdrawers or fashioned a bodice or a bib." "Madame Ratignolle him children, has stunning looks, likes to sew, and overall has all the qualities that a man would love to have in a woman.By defining Mrs. Ratignolle as the perfect woman, Kate Chopin setting the model for what a perfect woman of the time period would look like. Mrs. Ratignolle is different from the other two women because she follows the social construct of their Victorian society, while Edna and Ms. Reisz both choose to do things that harm their image in was very fond society. of Mrs. Potellier, and often she took her sewing...". ""Madame Ratignolle had been married seven years. About every two years she had a baby."