Name Mrs. Kirk 11(1) Composition December 12, 2011 Teacher’s note: Notice this student chose to begin her paper by first addressing counterarguments. For her issue, an issue that many people are against, she made an effective choice in deciding to begin by refuting the ideas of the opposing side before developing reasons why her position is beneficial. Space Exploration: Money Well Spent Thesis: The money the government apportions to space exploration is not wasted. This expenditure is necessary to expand our knowledge of the universe and fund new technologies which can benefit life on earth. I. In this time of economic uncertainty, many people incorrectly believe that we are wasting money on space exploration. A. Outspoken critics of the space program call it a needless expenditure and even blame the space program for crippling the economy. 1. They believe that this money would be better spent on Earth, helping the people of Earth and their solvable problems with hunger, shelter, inadequate schools (Hangsterfer 28-32). 2. Space exploration is “not worth bankrupting the country” or driving the government further into debt (Pop). 3. “Whatever the potential benefits may be, they cannot offset the enormous cost of space programs” (“At the End of the Century, Will US Space Exploration Be Grounded?”). B. Money doesn’t necessarily solve all earthly problems 1. “It is not the exploration spirit that Americans need to give up in order to alleviate poverty. It is the consumerist spirit” (Pop). 2. All people, and the government, tend to spend on things that we want in the moment and will not really benefit us in the long run. We are looking for the immediate satisfaction of getting something tangible, here and now. 3. Even while paying for the space program, we have the resources to aid the hungry and the homeless (Hangsterfer 28-32). 4. “It seems that money isn’t the answer, or perhaps the money isn’t getting spent in the right places” (Thompson) C. More money is spent on trivial and unnecessary items than on space exploration 1. Studies have shown that more money has been spent on pet supplies, alcohol, or tobacco than on space exploration (Pop). 2. “Wide-scale inefficiency in government spending wastes millions of dollars per year that could be better spent to improve the country’s present and future” (Hangsterfer 32). II. In today’s economy, it is important to cut costs as much as possible. A. Space exploration programs have already cut their expenses enormously and are looking into even more price cutting techniques. 1. Replacing humans with robots have decreased the price of space exploration (Docksai). 2. NASA is considering sending astronauts on a one way trip to Mars to reduce the cost. III. There are a vast amount of benefits that can be reaped from the space exploration program. A. Space exploration satisfies our curiosity 1. “Space exploration…fulfills a basic human ambition to explore the unknown” (“At the End of the Century, will US Space Exploration be Grounded?”). 2. People, from the first humans to today’s explorers, have always sought to discover the unknown and uncharted areas of the world. 3. Space is the new Manifest Destiny—it represents our pioneering spirit. B. What’s learned in space can be applied to Earth. 1. Examples include water purification, advances in medicine, environmental benefits, etc. (Thompson). 2. Technology developed for the space program has applications on earth. C. Who knows where our discoveries will take us? The possibilities are endless. 1. Discovery of another life form will expand our knowledge of the universe 2. NASA has already discovered a planet (Kepler-22b) in the habitable zone which has the potential to support life (Krieger).