Same-Sex Marriage: What are Christians to make of it? resources – a small sample of some of the good material Online resources – Milbank article, Chaplin, Goddard, Sentamu. Christopher Roberts, Creation and Covenant: The Significancce of Sexual Difference in the Moral Theology of Marriage. London: Continuum, 2007. Robert Gagnon, The Bible and Homosexual Practice: Texts and Hermeneutics. Nashville: Abingdon, 2001. Wesley Hill, Washed and Waiting. Powerful testimony of a celibate gay Christian with really good pastoral and practical guidance. Jenell Williams Paris, The End of Sexual Identity: Why Sex is too Important to Define Who we Are. IVP, 2011. Critique of easy separation into ‘gay’ and ‘straight’. What Some of You Were: Stories about Christians and Homosexuality. Edited by Christopher Keane. Good Book Company, 2001. Some powerful stories which show everyone is different. Resources for Church Leaders: Biblical and Pastoral Responses to Homosexuality. Ed. Andrew Goddard and Don Horrocks. Evangelical Alliance, 2012. Unwanted Same-Sex Attraction: Issues of Pastoral Counselling and Support. Andrew Goddard and Glynn Harrison. CMF, 2011. Looks at some of the scientific evidence. Richard B Hays, The Moral Vision of the New Testament. Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1996. Ch. 16 – pp. 379-406. (Some or all of this is free on Google Books) Holiness and Sexuality: Homosexuality in Biblical Context. Ed. David Peterson. Paternoster, 2004. Good collection of exegetical and pastoral material. http://truefreedomtrust.co.uk/ Includes a lot of testimonies and pastoral help. http://www.peter-ould.net/2007/04/19/youand-me-together/ About the ‘postgay’ idea. Jonathan Chaplin, ‘The churches’ stance on gay marriage is not homophobic.’ August 2012, online at http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/b elief/2012/aug/09/churches-gay-marriagehomophobic Andrew Goddard, ‘Should we redefine marriage?’ online at http://www.fulcrumanglican.org.uk/page.cfm?ID=708 And, ‘Gay marriage would undermine a sacred institution’, May 2009. Online at http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/b elief/2009/may/01/gay-marriage-christianity John Milbank: ‘Gay Marriage and the future of human sexuality’ March 2012. Online at http://www.abc.net.au/religion/articles/201 2/03/13/3452229.htm What is same-sex attraction? ? universal experience and permanent orientation (essentialism) – prioritises feelings ? socially constructed (prioritises human society) ? A choice? (prioritises human will) No scientific consensus regarding its cause or moral consensus regarding its meaning Explore for yourself – a selection of viewpoints http://www.queerbychoice.com/ http://www.petertatchell.net/queer%20theory/beyond.htm http://commentisfree.guardian.co.uk/peter_tatchell/2006/06/born_gay_or_made_gay.html http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-1289652/How-I-went-committed-lesbian-happilymarried-mother-four.html (warning – Daily Mail link) http://www.guardian.co.uk/stage/2003/jun/14/comedy.artsfeatures http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/opinion/columnists/matthewparris/article3390885.ece Theological answer: male/female gender identity is a beautiful gift of God in creation - same-sex attraction therefore a result of the Fall - this approaches prioritises the human body. Scripture and Tradition: it’s not just about proof texts deep biblical pattern: - the image of God (Genesis 1:26-27) - importance of procreation (1:28) - but procreation is not the only factor (2:18-23) - human life is bodily, physical life (2:7) - male-female union is ‘one flesh’ (2:24) – the meaning and purpose of sex - beauty and integrity of sexuality ‘without shame’ (2:25) - desire is good but now fallen - unity and difference in marriage comes from Christ-church relation (Ephesians 5) - in Christ, marriage no longer the primary human community and solution to human solitude (Matthew 22:23-33, Mark 3:31-25 and parallels, 1 Corinthians 7) - no marriage in new creation, but sexual difference continues (resurrected Jesus is still a man) - and abiding significance for sexual difference because of bride-groom image for Christ & church (Revelation 19) Augustine’s De bono conjugali: proles, fides and sacramentum - not three goods but one. Read the big seven in this context: do they mean what they are sometimes taken to mean? - Genesis 19 and Judges 19 - Leviticus 18:22 and 20:13 - Romans 1:26-27 - 1 Cor 6:9-11 and 1 Tim 1:9 My story, and a radically theological ethic we are all sexual beings sexuality defined by bodies not feelings: goodness of the body ‘ex-gay’ movement: seeking change in ‘orientation’ through prayer/counselling etc. not ‘ex-gay’ but ‘post-gay’ - not healing or deliverance but discipleship and sanctification Pastoral care - urgent need for recovery of positive ethic of celibacy - same sex attraction - same sex friendship - family life: adoption and fertility treatments - baptism - attending civil partnerships - C of E today: inclusion without approval (differentiating ‘ordinary’ Christians from those in leadership/ordination) Political Ethics - Is this a case of Christians seeking to impose the views of their particular subsection of society on the whole of society? - The task and limits of government: whose is marriage? - How then should Christians make their case?