Protected Areas in Lithuania
General system of protected areas is made up of the following:
Protected areas of conservational priority, which protect unique or typical complexes and
objects of natural and cultural landscape. Strict reserves ( natural and cultural), reserves and
objects of natural and cultural heritage are attributed to this category.
Protected areas of ecological protection priority, which are singled out in order to escape a
negative effect on protected complexes and objects of natural and cultural heritage or negative
impact of anthropogenic objects on the environment. Zones of ecological protection are
attributed to this category.
Protected areas of recuperational protection, which are designated for restoration,
augmentation and protection of natural ressources and genetic plots are attributed to this
Integrated protected areas, which include conservational, ecological protection,
recuperational and economic zones according to the general programme for protection,
management and use. National and regional parks and biosphere monitoring areas ( biosphere
reserves and biosphere polygons) are attributed to this category.
National parks
TRAKAI Historical National Park
Surrounded by lakes, Trakai is a small island town. The
historical part of Trakai is located on a peninsula in the
middle of three adjoining Lakes - Galve, Lika, and
Totoriskiai. Trakai is an ideal place for water sports,
camping, and outings.
The Aukstaitija National Park is founded in 1974 with some land plots added
in 1997. The park is notable for beautiful landscapes, historical and
ethnographic objects, and a variety of nature. The area of the park is divided
into zones with special level of protection. There are protections, recreational
and economic zones in it. Lakes occupy about 16 percent of the area.
DZUKIJA National Park
Dzukija National Park (55040 ha) is the largest in Lithuania. It
was established in 1991 to preserve, maintain and cultivate the
richest in natural and cultural resources territories in Alytus,
Varena and Lazdijai regions, known as Dainava land (the singing
land) for the sake of nature and people of Lithuania.
The Curonian Spit (Kursiu Nerija), created by the winds and
waters of the Baltic Sea, is a natural miracle. The spit is almost
100 kilometers long and its width varies from 380 meters to 3,800
meters; it stretches from the Semba Peninsula in the south to the
Strait of Klaipeda in the north. The spit is so fascinating, romantic
and original that often it seems unreal. The sands of its hills and
dunes glitter like gold between the blue sea and the turquoise
lagoon and amidst the dark green woods and mountain pines.
ZEMAITIJA National Park
The Zemaitija National Park covers area of 21 700 hectares,
with forests occupying more than a half. The Plateliai Lake is
scattered among the forests and fields and makes up about
7% of the area. There are 26 lakes in the area, in all. There
are numerous monuments of history, architecture and nature,
which one can see in the settlements of the park - Plateliai,
Berzonas, Zemaiciu Kalvarija, Bukante, and nearby scattered