further details - Jobs at RVC

Senior Clinical Training Scholarship
in Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Ref: CTS/PAT/12
Summary of the Scholarship:
The three year clinical training scholarship in clinical pathology provides advanced instruction in
the areas of haematology, coagulation, exfoliative cytology, surgical pathology, clinical chemistry,
endocrinology, urinalysis, and laboratory management and quality control while also provides
adequate time for self-directed learning. The programme has a track record of training candidates
who are successful in specialist Board examinations.
Objectives of the Scholarship:
The programme’s objectives are to:
To prepare residents to successfully complete the clinical pathology certifying examination
administered by The American College of Veterinary Pathologists (ACVP).
To educate residents so they obtain a solid understanding of the laboratory methods and
pathologic bases of diseases to prepare them for careers as veterinary clinical pathologists.
To prepare residents to conduct clinical research projects and produce conference and peerreviewed journal publications from these.
During this training programme the scholar will be expected to:
Perform diagnostic work (clinical pathology).
Undertake a research project in clinical pathology and produce a publication from this.
Enrol for the Master of Veterinary Medicine (MVetMed) degree.
Participate in Clinical Scholars Journal Club and other discussion groups.
Prepare for publication a case report or case series, as first author, in a peer-reviewed journal.
Present a poster or oral presentation in at least one international meeting.
Contribute to undergraduate training by participation in clinical rotations, small group teaching
and seminars.
Duties of the Scholar:
Residents will have an incremental role in the diagnostic services provided by the clinical pathology
laboratories at the Royal Veterinary College (RVC. Close supervision by specialist clinical
pathologists will occur throughout the 3 years of the residency, with more independence afforded to
third year residents. Participation in the after hours service is expected, once the desired level of
competence is attained, and will be shared by all clinical pathologists and residents.
Teaching commitments at the RVC include instruction of clinical pathology to undergraduate
veterinary students via small group tutorials in a rota system, and assistance with practical
A small research project forms an important component of the programme. The SCTS will be
provided with supervision and funding to conduct a prospective or retrospective project in the field
of clinical pathology, which will result in the submission of a manuscript for publication by the
termination of the three year contract.
Finally, attendance at a variety of weekly discussion sessions and seminars is mandatory for clinical
pathology rounds and journal club, and highly encouraged for internal medicine seminars,
departmental research seminars, surgical biopsy case reviews, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology
slide review sessions, and coursework (where approved by the clinical pathology supervisor).
Participation in a national or international conference on clinical pathology is also offered (subject
to approval by the clinical pathology supervisor).
Supervision and Assessment:
At the beginning of the programme, the Scholar will register as a student of the RVC Graduate
School and enrol for the MVetMed degree. The head of the clinical pathology residency programme
is Dr. B. Szladovits who will act as the scholar’s overall supervisor in collaboration with the other
clinical and anatomic pathology specialists of the Department. The head of pathology is Prof K C
Smith and the head of department is Prof D McKeever. Progress and planning meetings between
the supervisor and the scholar will occur every 6 months. The formal assessment process is
monitored by the RVC Graduate School, and involves an assessment conducted by senior members
of the College at 6, 12 and 24 months after the beginning of the programme.
Qualifications And Experience Required Are:
A veterinary qualification and Membership of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons are
essential. Recent graduates will be considered for this position. Experience of working in general or
specialist veterinary practice is an advantage.
Please note that to support this training programme, the Department meets the cost of tuition fees at
the RVC Home/EU rate. The attached document outlines criteria for eligibility for this rate.
Application procedure:
For further information and to apply online, please visit our website: www.rvc.ac.uk/cts or
email: [email protected] quoting ref: CTS/PAT/12
Terms and Conditions:
You should note that:
 Closing date for the applications: 6 July, 2012
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Interviews for the shortlisted candidates are scheduled for 16 of July, 2012
The earliest date the scholarship can commence is the 1 of August and is of 3 years duration.
The tax-free stipend will start at £14,902 per annum, increasing by annual increments to
£16,222. National Insurance contributions are the responsibility of the individual scholar.
Continuation of the programme is subject to the Scholar attaining satisfactory performance in
the review process.
Stipend/PG fees will only be paid for Home/EU applicants who satisfy residency criteria
The College has a “no smoking” policy and smoking is only permitted in certain designated
areas of the College.
Further Information:
For further information on this position please contact Dr. Balázs Szladovits (+44 (0) 1707 666364;
[email protected]), Miss Kate English (+44 (0) 1707 666033 or [email protected]) or Ms
Patricia Crosse (+44 (0) 1707 666 326 or [email protected]).
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Residency Programmes
Department of Pathology and Infectious Diseases
The Royal Veterinary College is the oldest veterinary school in the English speaking world
and is the largest veterinary school in the UK. A detailed history of the College and details
of all facilities can be found by visiting the web site: http://www.rvc.ac.uk. The College was
awarded top gradings in both the Research Assessment Exercise, 2001, and in its most
recent Teaching Quality Assessment exercise. It is the only veterinary school in England
that has received Accreditation from the American Veterinary Medical Association. The
College offers not only a course of study leading to the award of Bachelor of Veterinary
Medicine but also a range of other undergraduate courses including Bachelor of Science
degrees in veterinary science, veterinary nursing and an intercalated BSc(Hons) degree in
veterinary pathology (see below). In addition, the College runs a wide range of Masters
degrees (including those in pathology-related subject areas), has many PhD students, and
has over 40 Residents in the clinical and pathology departments.
The College is situated on two campuses, one at Camden Town in North London (the
Camden campus) and the other on a 230 hectare site in the attractive Hertfordshire
countryside near Potters Bar (the Hawkshead campus). The two campuses are about 15
miles apart and both accessible by road and rail. Pathology residencies are based at the
Hawkshead campus.
The Hawkshead Campus mainly houses the Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences,
which encompasses the following sections: small animal medicine and surgery, equine
medicine and surgery, population medicine, the reproduction unit and the divisions of
epidemiology and public health. Part of the Departments of Pathology and Infectious
Diseases and Veterinary Basic Sciences are also based at the Hawkshead campus. The
campus is also home to The Sefton Equine Hospital, The Queen Mother Hospital for
Animals (currently being expanded), the Large Animal Practice and the Mill Reef
Pathology Building. A Learning Resources Centre (The Eclipse Building) which includes an
improved library facility and houses the College’s administrative offices was completed in
September, 2003 and the Large Animal Clinical Centre was completed in October, 2003.
The LIVE! Centre for veterinary education was opened in 2006 and the College’s Centre
for Emerging, Endemic and Exotic Diseases (CEEED) opened in 2008. An adjacent site at
Boltons Park houses the College’s working farm.
The Department of Pathology and Infectious Diseases is one of three academic
departments in the College, the others being Department of Veterinary Basic Sciences and
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences. The Head of Department of Pathology and
Infectious Diseases is Professor Declan McKeever MVB PhD MRCVS. The Department has
over 30 members of Faculty staff and a similar number of post-doctoral assistants. It has
several extensive and active research programmes in areas that include bovine viral
diseases (BVD, FMD), human and animal rotavirus disease, canine, porcine, ovine and
equine respiratory diseases (viral and bacterial), human tuberculosis, Newcastle Disease in
chickens, protozoal and helminth parasitology, new strategies for parasitic detection and
control, innate and adaptive immunology, and prion diseases. The diagnostic services
provided by the Department include the full range of clinical and anatomical pathology
services and it receives submissions from the College’s own hospital services, general and
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referral practitioners and various zoological and wildlife centres. Farm animal submissions
are made through the RVC-VLA Veterinary Surveillance Centre. The service conducts
around 3000 cytologies, 6000 haematologies, 7000 clinical chemistry cases in the clinical
pathology section and around 1000 necropsies and over 3500 biopsies in the anatomic
pathology section per year.
Currently (May 2012), the academic pathologists are:
Clinical Pathology:
Balazs Szladovits DVM, Diplomate ACVP
Kate English BSc, BVetMed, FRCPath
Patricia Crosse, BVSc
Michael Waters BVSc, MSc (Wild Animal Health),
Anatomic Pathology:
Ken Smith BVM&S PhD FRCPath
Brian Summers BVSc MSc PhD FRCPath
Cheryl Scudamore BVSc PhD FRCPath
Simon Priestnall BVSc PhD FRCPath
Mandy Dawson BVetMed BSc PhD
Sonja Jeckel DVM DrMedVet PhD
Rosie Pearson MA VetMB
All of the RVC pathologists contribute to Resident training.
The Departmental laboratories at Camden conduct research on bacterial, viral and TSE
pathogenesis. Established Category 3 containment laboratories are available for research
into diseases such as BSE and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. There is also access to modern
FACS analysis of normal and infected tissues, and thus appropriate immunological clinical
parameters may be developed for use in research or clinical assays. A range of monoclonal
antibodies for many of the cellular sub-populations of the different veterinary species is
At Hawkshead, there has been considerable investment in the building and staffing of
veterinary pathology. The Mill Reef Pathology Building provides the most advanced
facility for morbid and anatomical pathology within the UK. It was provided through a
single donation to the college of £2.2 million by Mr Paul Mellon and is named after his
favourite horse. It was officially opened May 1995 by the Chancellor of the University, the
Princess Royal. The building comprises a state-of-the-art post mortem hall with annexed
containment and specialised areas, a 200 seat lecture theatre that has both direct and
video links with the main hall, and houses the clinical pathology laboratories (cytology,
hematology, biochemistry), and further diagnostic pathology service laboratories
(histopathology, immunochemistry and molecular pathology). The first floor of the
building is dedicated to both undergraduate and postgraduate level teaching with a
microscope room with an image analysis suite and a facility that provides a dedicated
seminar room for the BSc (Hons) in veterinary pathology and also for post-graduate
pathology tutorials and CPD.
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A further building provides the link between the Mill Reef Pathology building and the
existing clinical block. Within the link are Molecular Pathology research laboratories
providing fully equipped laboratories for immunopathology, molecular biology and high
containment rooms for tissue culture/virology. The provision of these laboratories and
associated offices has been a considerable boost to establishing molecular pathology
research at Hawkshead. Further expansion is occurring in 2008 with the development of
more specialist laboratories and offices within a new Centre for Veterinary Infectious and
Zoonotic Disease Control. There is also a dedicated demonstration room, with a 14-headed
microscope and LCD/video projection, for clinical and anatomic pathology case
presentations and diagnosis or research discussions, presentations and clinical research.
Pathology research has been further strengthened by the completion of a large animal
experimental unit with the Biological Services Unit at Hawkshead. This building has been
designed to provide large animal housing and isolation, of high specification, for studies
primarily on the development of new vaccines. The College has also constructed new large
animal experimental units to provide purpose built, secure accommodation for infection
studies with large animals. These units are being designed in accordance with GLP and
GCP requirements. Large animal accommodation for non-infective studies is also
provided at Bolton’s Park within the Hawkshead Campus.
The Department teaches veterinary students in all five years of the course. In Year 2,
Foundation courses in immunology and general pathology are taught through lectures and
small group directed learning and practical classes. Year 3 and 4 teaching comprises a
similar format with all pathological and microbiology disciplines taught through
Foundation courses (bacteriology, virology and parasitology) and through integrated
modules based on systems (e.g. respiratory, enteric etc).
After this time in Year 4 and 5, all the clinical teaching is on a small group, problemsolving or case-orientated basis with the students moving through a series of rotations,
including pathology. Students in their clinical years specialise in an elective subject; the
Department presently offers elective courses in Pathology/Clinical Pathology (general
pathology and equine and farm animal specialities) and small mammals, birds and
reptiles, and zoo and wildlife species.
The Department initiated, in 2000, an intercalated degree in veterinary pathology, BSc
(Hons) Vetpath (www.rvc.ac.uk/VetpathBSc). This course attracts 10 or more veterinary
undergraduates from UK and European veterinary schools. This new degree course
engages the curiosity of veterinary undergraduate students in the pathology and
pathogenesis of infectious disease and to undertake a major research project.
The Department is also involved with the teaching of principles of pathology, microbial
pathogenesis and infection/immunity and disease control on the 3 year BSc
(Bioveterinary sciences) degree at the Camden campus.
Within the Department of Pathology and Infectious Diseases, there is a commitment to
providing professional expertise in pathology to the teaching of undergraduates, to the
clinical departments and to outside referral requests. There is a team of established and
excellent veterinary pathologists within the department who undertake clinical and
teaching responsibilities, with some engaged in original and/or collaborative research.
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The present undertaking of the department is to create a series of pathology residents to
integrate closely with the clinics and with clinical research. Existing and newly appointed
residents are crucial to the post-graduate pathology training programme.
Residency programmes in Veterinary Pathology
The Department of Pathology and Infectious Diseases offers residency programmes in
both clinical pathology and anatomical pathology. Currently (March 2011) there are two
Residents in Clinical Pathology, and three Residents in Anatomical Pathology.
The residency programme in clinical pathology has a structured programme of study in
haematology, cytology, clinical chemistry, urinalysis and quality assurance leading to the
Board Examination of ACVP and FRCPath. The residency programme in anatomical
pathology is similarly structured, and Residents may sit the Board Exams of ACVP or
ECVP or examinations leading to FRCPath. The RVC is a recognised training centre for all
three examinations. Each Resident is funded for three years. During this time, they are
also expected to conduct a research project relevant to their field of interest. Residents play
a full and active role in the relevant diagnostic rota(s) once their level of knowledge and
practical skills have reached the required standards.
The residency programme in clinical pathology includes the following activities:
 Diagnostic service:
The high case load of the laboratory provides a broad experience in clinical specimens
(including exotics, small and large animals). The first phase of the diagnostic training
involves one-on-one training on multi-headed microscopes by a pathologist through the
regular case work ups. Both microscopic and report writing skills are emphasized (2-6
months). Second phase involves close supervision of the resident’s work on the daily cases
(18-22 months). Last phase involves more independent diagnostic work with professional
responsibility (supervision on an as needed basis) (12 months).
The diagnostic training includes cytological assessment of aspirates and imprints,
haematological assessment of blood smears, bone marrow aspirates and core biopsies,
interpretation of clinical chemistry (including endocrinology) results and performing and
interpreting urinalysis.
Histopathologic training is also provided by the anatomic pathologists of the department.
The residents are expected to evaluate histopathologic sections of routine surgical biopsy
The diagnostic service component of the training programme will be shared between RVC
and TDDS, with the resident spending 14 weeks each year in the busy commercial
laboratory of TDDS in Exeter.
 Communication and Teaching Skills:
Resident will gain teaching experience by conducting small-group teaching as part of the
Final Year BVetMed intra-mural rotation in veterinary pathology or in directed-learning
sessions. The Residents receive appropriate training for them to be confident in delivering
such teaching.
 Research experience:
Regular periods of time off the diagnostic service is allocated to collect specimens for and
conduct the research project.
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Available resources and expectations during the residency programme:
o One week induction course organised by the graduate school (e.g. research,
communication, presentation, writing skills)
o Postgraduate courses offered by the graduate school (e.g. statistics, immunology,
communication skills)
o Two clinical pathology rounds are held regularly each week including a journal club
and a microscopic (e.g. cytology, haematology) case discussion. Furthermore, weekly
tutorials are organised by the residents on a slected topic or clinical chemistry cases.
o General and systemic pathology tutorials organized by board certified anatomic
o Interdepartmental rounds:
 Weekly oncology journal club for clinical and pathology staff/residents
 Bi-weekly neuropathology rounds for neurology staff/residents
 Monthly histopathology rounds for surgery staff/residents
 Monthly cytology/haematology rounds for medicine/surgery/ECC
 Monthly dermatopathology rounds for dermatology staff/residents
o Teaching slide sets including a cytology vs. histopathology comparative set. Several
years of ACVP mystery slide session material is available and continually purchased.
o Biweekly college and departmental seminar programmes
o Resident book library with relevant reading material and the library of the RVC
(including numerous online subscriptions for relevant journals).
o Regular time is allocated for preparation and reading of the board exam materials
o Externships of 2-8 weeks duration (preferably in the 2nd and 3rd year of the residency)
to gain exposure for the work of clinical pathologists at commercial laboratories (e.g.
understanding high throughput workload, quality management), pharmaceutical
industry (e.g. preclinical toxicological studies) and other universities – RVC holds
bilateral/reciprocal agreement with several organisations/laboratories and
pharmaceutical companies in the UK and prestigious clinical pathology programmes
in the USA.
o International conference presentation (cases in first and second year, and research
abstract in the third year of the residency) are expected from the residents at the
ACVP and/or ECVCP annual conferences; leading to case reports and research papers
in peer reviewed journals. Presentations at CPD meetings are also strongly
o The College participates in the AFIP Slide Review Sessions (discussed at weekly
intervals), has a large histopathology archive of farm, companion and zoo/wildlife
cases, housed several themed, peer-reviewed slide sets provided from various sources
and (from 2005) is a C.L. Davis DVM Foundation Independent Study Centre, with
on-site access to the full range of learning materials available through the Foundation
(videos, DVDs, further slide sets).
o The Residents may also attend lectures and seminars on the intercalated BSc(Hons)
(Veterinary Pathology) course; many of these sessions are delivered by external
lecturers who are the UK’s leading experts in their particular fields. The taught part of
this BSc course includes hands-on practical sessions in a full range of cell and
molecular biology techniques and the Residents are encouraged to participate in
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o Residents enrol in a modular Masters in Veterinary Medicine (MVetMed) that is
structured to provide advanced postgraduate training in veterinary medicine and
pathology in parallel with training for specialist examinations in veterinary pathology.
Assessment of Residents
Each Resident has a formal appraisal at the end of each year. This is a College-wide scheme
and the Resident’s progress is assessed by the supervisor, one other academic member of
the Department and an academic from one of the College’s other departments.
Recommendations are then made to the supervisor and Head of Department of Pathology
and Infectious Diseases, as appropriate. The Resident is less formally appraised through
their ability and skills in the daily work of the clinical pathology laboratory, and through
their progress and contribution to the weekly slide seminars and journal clubs.
Departmental Research
Research on infectious disease of animals is a major theme of the Department’s
programme. This is undertaken at both Camden and Hawkshead campuses. Most of these
research groups have an international reputation as leaders in their fields:
Professor Declan McKeever’s group is interested predominantly in individual variation in
the specificity of cellular immune mechanisms and its impact on pathogen diversity.
Research is focused primarily on Theileria parva, a tick-borne protozoan parasite of cattle
that infects and transforms lymphocytes, and on Mycoplasma mycoides, the causal agent
of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia.
Professor Joe Brownlie heads a strong, internationally-renowned research group
investigating bovine pestiviruses, particularly Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVDV). The
group has considerable expertise with molecular pathology and the use of probing
techniques such as in situ hybridisation and PCR amplification within tissues and cell
culture. Furthermore, there is strong emphasis on vaccine development and novel
approaches to new ‘marker’ vaccines. More recently, a close relationship has developed
between this group and those at the Institute for Animal Health investigating the
pathogenesis of exotic viral diseases. In recent years, a group investigating the
pathogenesis and causal agents of canine infectious respiratory disease has also been
established under Professor Brownlie’s direction and is led by Dr. Kerstin Erles. The group
has defined both the pathogenesis and some novel agents that appear critical to the
aetiology of the syndrome.
Professor Ken Smith has a broad portfolio of active research collaborations with colleagues
at the RVC and elsewhere (e.g. he has maintained strong links with the Animal Health
Trust in Newmarket that facilitate collaborative research into infectious diseases of
horses). His currently funded research includes projects on CBPP, vascular remodelling in
portosystemic shunts, and R. equi in mice and foals. He also benefits from a broad
network of collaborations with clinical colleagues in the College’s referral hospitals.
Dr Andrew Rycroft’s group is investigating the genetic basis of pathogenicity in
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and continuing to develop conventional and third
generation vaccines against porcine respiratory disease. Additional areas of current
interest include the identification and expression of immunogenic components of
Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae and investigations of the role of bacteria in canine
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respiratory disease, the physiological effects of anaerobes in post-partum cattle and the
role of caecal bacteria in the aetiology of equine laminitis.
The Clinical Immunology Laboratory (Dr. Dirk Werling and Dr. Brian Catchpole) studies
the innate immune response and how this might be manipulated to prime adaptive
immune responses. This research is being applied to a range of infectious diseases,
autoimmune diseases, novel forms of cancer therapy in companion animals and diabetes
mellitus. The aim is to obtain greater understanding of the genetic and immunological
events that trigger the immune system in order to develop new therapeutic strategies.
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There are over 350 postgraduate students at the RVC as studying as follows
Research students (MPhil, PhD, DVetMed)
Junior and Senior Clinical Training Scholars
MSc students studying Wild Animal Health and Wild Animal Biology (in
collaboration with the Institute of Zoology, London), Veterinary Epidemiology (in
conjunction with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine) and both an
MSc and Diploma in Control of Infectious Diseases in Animals and in Veterinary
MSc and Diploma students studying Livestock Health and Production or Veterinary
Epidemiology and Public Health (by Distance Learning, University of London
External Programme)
All the above students are registered and tracked during their courses by the Graduate
School and student progress is monitored. Short courses to develop student generic skills
are organised through the Graduate School. Students have access to Postgraduate Tutors
and through the Postgraduate Student Society (PGSS) have representation on many
College committees. Social events are also organised by the PGSS.
The Graduate School was established in 2000 to ensure best practice in graduate
education, to ensure effective administration of graduate affairs, to present a strong
corporate image in graduate affairs and to maximise recruitment of graduate students.
The Head of the Graduate School, Professor Fiona Cunningham, is supported in the
central office on the Camden Campus by two full-time administrators. An induction day
provides an introduction to postgraduate training at the RVC and the opportunity to meet
with other students.
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- a brief guide for students entering HE institutionsThis ‘ready reckoner’1 is not intended to be an authoritative interpretation of the law, as
that can only be provided by the courts. It is the responsibility of individual higher
education institutions in England and Wales to classify students for fees purposes against
the Education (Fees and Awards) Regulations 1997, as amended {The Education (Fees and
Awards) (Scotland) Regulations 1997 operate in Scotland}.
Universities and other higher education institutions in England and Wales may charge fees
to `overseas' students at a higher rate than to `home' students. It is the responsibility of
individual higher education institutions to assess the fee status of potential students. You
should be classified as a `home' student if you meet all of the three conditions summarised
below. The first thing you should do is work out your "relevant date". This will be the 1st
January, 1st April or 1st September closest to the beginning of the first term of your course.
• Condition 1: If your relevant date is on or after 1st September 1998, you are settled
in the United Kingdom on your relevant date. Being settled in the United Kingdom
means that you are ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom AND that there is no
restriction on the period for which you may remain in the UK (for example you may
have an endorsement in your passport or travel document giving you leave to enter
or remain in the UK for an indefinite period).
• Condition 2: For the three year period preceding your relevant date you have been
ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man.
Ordinary residence may be summarised as being lawfully, habitually and normally
resident from choice and for a settled purpose, apart from temporary or occasional
• Condition 3: No part of the three year period of residency described above was
wholly or mainly for the purpose of receiving full-time education i.e. if you have
received full-time education during that period it should not have been the whole or
main purpose for your residency.
If you are unable to fulfil any one of the three conditions described above you may still be
charged fees at the `home' rate if you can meet all the conditions that apply to any of the
six special limited categories outlined below:
Limited Category 1: You are a national of a member State of the European Union (Austria,
Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, France, Greece, The Republic of Ireland, Italy,
Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and The United Kingdom) or the
child of such a national and you have been ordinarily resident in the European Economic
Area (the EU countries and Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) for the three year period
preceding your relevant date for a purpose other than full-time education.
Limited Category 2: You are a European Economic Area migrant worker or the husband,
wife or child of such a person. The migrant worker must be a British citizen or a national of
another European Economic Area country who has entered the United Kingdom for the
purpose of employment in the United Kingdom and, brief absences apart, has been
employed since last entering the United Kingdom. The potential student must also have
been ordinarily resident in the European Economic Area for the three year period
preceding their relevant date for a purpose other than full-time education and, if the
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student is married to the migrant worker, they must be living with their husband or wife in
the United Kingdom.
Limited Category 3: You are an exchange student studying in the United Kingdom on a
fully reciprocal basis.
Limited Category 4: You are a refugee recognised by Her Majesty's Government and have
been ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom (including the Channel Islands and the
Isle of Man) since you were recognised as a refugee or you are the husband, wife or child of
such a recognised refugee.
Limited Category 5: As an outcome of your asylum application the Home Office has
granted you exceptional leave to enter or remain in the United Kingdom and you have
ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom (including the Channel Islands and the Isle of
Man) since you were granted that status or you are the husband, wife or child of such a
Limited Category 6: This category applies to people with a relevant date before 1
September 2000. All the following conditions must be met: (a) you must have been
ordinarily resident in Hong Kong at any time during the three year period before your
relevant date; (b) you must be settled in the United Kingdom on your relevant date i.e.
ordinarily resident with no restriction on the period for which you may stay; (c) you must
have been subject to United Kingdom immigration control before the start of the three year
period preceding your relevant date (all British citizens and certain Commonwealth
citizens are not subject to UK immigration control); and finally, (d) if you lived in the
United Kingdom before the start of the three year period preceding your relevant date you
must not have been settled here i.e., the length of your stay must have been limited by UK
immigration control.
An institution will treat you as having been ordinarily resident in the United Kingdom, the
Channel Islands and the Isle of Man or the European Economic Area if you would have
been so resident at the relevant time but for the fact that you, your husband or wife, your
parent, guardian, any other person having parental responsibility for you, or any person
having care of you while you are a child, is or was temporarily employed outside the area in
You will not be required to meet Condition 1 if you were in receipt of a mandatory award
for an HND/DipHE or a first degree course before September 1997 and you are moving on
directly to a first degree or postgraduate initial teacher training course for which you are
also entitled to a mandatory award.
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