Chapter 14 Study Guide Relevant sections: 1-6, 8, 10, 11, 13 Vocabulary Population Taxonomy Macroevolution Morphological Sp. Con. Habitat isolation Postzygotic barrier Adaptive radiation Exaptation Species Phylogeny Biological Species concept Reproductive barrier Mechanical isolation Sympatric speciation Gradualism Niche Speciation Microevolution Ecological species concept Temporal isolation Prezygotic barrier Allopatric speciation Punctuated equilibrium Extinction event I understand that the definition of species is flexible, subject to debate, and dependent of context. I can differentiate the priorities of each definition, and some of the problems with each definition. I understand the importance of speciation in macroevolution I understand the concept of an ecological niche, and I understand how species can adapt to fill an ecological niche. I am familiar with the mechanisms that can drive speciation, and how speciation can magnify genetic drift. I am familiar with some aspects of earth’s history, including the major extinction events that wiped out the dinosaurs, and the Permian extinction of 250 million years ago.