YEAR 11 HISTORY MAPPING THE MIDDLE EAST Mapping the evolution of the Modern Middle East MAP 1: Draw the outlines of the Ottoman Empire and surrounding polities before its surrender in World War one. You are asked to label the capital and major cities and next to each country name that country’s leader in 1910. Map 2 You are to draw the new states of the Middle East created after World War I. You are asked to label the capital and major cities and next to each country name that country’s leader in 1925 MAP 3 You are to indicate on your map the ethnicity, language, and religious composition of the Middle East. Identifying concentration of groups using a color or pattern code with a key, pie chart, or other indicator. Groups should include, for example Muslim Turks, Muslim Arabs, Christian Arabs, Kurds, Armenians, and Jews etc. Map 4 You are to indicate the physical geography and natural resources of the Middle East. You should identify the major rivers and other bodies of water, major mountain ranges, forests, arable land, deposits of oil, gas, and minerals, etc. Resources Resources Core Resources: Map 1880: Middle East Political Borders http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/pol.html Map 1920: Middle East Political Borders http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/pol.html Map 2002: Middle East Political Borders http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/pol.html Map Middle East Topographic Map http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/topo.html Map Middle East Religion, Ethnic Groups, and Language Distribution http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/demo.html Map The Ottoman Empire http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/ottoman1683_shepherd.jpg A map of the Ottoman Empire from 1683 to 1923 Map Oilfields in the Middle East http://www.stanford.edu/class/history187b/oilfield.htm A map of the oil fields in the Middle East QUESTIONS 1) What boundaries remained the same? Why? What political boundaries changed? 2) How were the borders and foreign zones of influence or control determined? 3) What European power got control over which country? 4) Are there any apparent alignments between particular ethnic and religious groups and certain European powers? 5) What ethnic groups with concentrations of population in the Middle East did not end up with a nation-state? Why do you think this happened? 6) How does the distribution of natural resources coincide with post-WWI boundaries? 7) What countries are rich in water, oil, and other natural resources? Which are poor?