Name: - cfhssocialstudies

Guided Reading Goal 5 Total Points 100
1. Name the three levels of federal courts.
(page 240, 3 points)
2. a) What is a consensus? b) How is it
used in the judicial process? (goal book
page 2, 2 points)
3. What role does debate play in
compromising? (goal book page 2, 1
4. What kind of jurisdiction do federal
courts have involving federal laws? (page
242, 1 point)
5. Describe concurrent jurisdiction. (page
242, 1 point)
6. a) What is appellate jurisdiction? b)
Give an example. c) Where would these
kinds of cases be heard in the federal court
system? (page 244-245, 3 points)
7. What type of federal court hears only
original jurisdiction cases? (page 244, 1
8. Fill in the chart using page 245. (page
245, 3 points)
US Court System
________________________________ Court
9. In an appeals court, what three decisions
can they do regarding a case’s original
ruling? (page 245, 3 points)
10. Why do judges in an appeals court
give an opinion after their decision has
been concluded? (page 245, 1 point)
11. a) What is a precedent? b) How does it a)
affect a judge’s ruling on a case? (page
245, 2 points)
12. How is North Carolina’s Court System
similar to the US Court System? (goal
book page 3, 3 points)
13. a) What is judicial review? b) What
court case gave this power to the Supreme
Court? (page 252, 2 points)
14. What is a court docket? (page 255, 1
15. a) What does writ of certiorari mean?
b) Why is it used? (page 256, 2 points)
16. Why do lawyers prepare briefs? (page
256, 1 point)
17. How are lawyers for each side of a
case adversaries? (page 256, 1 point)
18. What is the purpose of a majority
opinion? (page 256, 1 point)
19. Why would a justice write a
concurring opinion? (page 256, 1 point)
20. What is a dissenting opinion? (page
256, 1 point)
21. a) What is a plaintiff? b) Who serves
as the plaintiff in criminal cases? (page
431, 2 points)
22. What is a defendant? (page 431, 1
23. a) What two categories are crimes
divided into? b) Give 2 examples of
felonies. c) Give 2 examples of
misdemeanors. (page 432, 5 points)
24. What is larceny? Give an example.
(page 432, 2 points)
25. What is the main difference between
robbery and burglary? (page 432, 2 points)
26. What is the prosecution responsible for
showing? (page 453, 1 point)
27. After an arrest has occurred, what is
the next step in criminal cases? (page 457,
1 point)
28. a) What is a bail? b) Why would bail
be set for some cases? (page 457, 2 points)
29. What does the grand jury decide in a
criminal case? (page 457, 1 point)
30. What two possible scenarios could
occur at the arraignment? (page 457, 2
31. What are the pros and cons of making
a plea bargain? (goal book/notes, 6 points)
32. After the conclusion of the trial, the
judge or jury must reach ______ or _____.
(page 457, 2 points)
33. Summarize in at least 5 sentences how
a bill becomes a law. (20 points)
34. What is a conference committee?
(page 201, 1 point)
35. a) What is a filibuster? b) What is a
cloture? (page 200, 2 points)
36. After a bill passes Congress, what two
choices does the President have? (page
202, 2 points)
37. What is a pocket veto? (page 202, 1
38. What is zoning? (goal book page 9, 1
39. Where do cities get the most money
from? Explain why this leads to the
controversial issue of annexation. (goal
book/notes, 2 points)
40. How can people express their opinions
to their local, state, or federal government?
(goal book page 9, 3 points)
41. Give an example of a petition that you
would like to see here at CFHS. (goal
book page 9, 1 point)
42. What has to occur for your petition to
be recognized by Mr. Spruill? (goal book
page 9, 1 point)
43. What is the final step in the process of
changing the law/rule at CFHS? (goal
book page 9, 1 point)
44. How can lobbyist influence changes in
the law? (page 335, 1 point)
45. Give at least 4 examples of special
interest groups. (goal book page 9, 4