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A Dual Court System

 Administer wills and estates

    Juveniles still have constitutional rights Juveniles have no right to jury or bail Rehabilitation not punishment Can be tried as an adult if serious offense

     Divided into traffic and criminal (city or municipal) Violate an ordinance $2,500 or less (small claims) Attorney not needed Judge hears the case without jury or formal rules of evidence

  Hear minor criminal, state traffic offenses, and lawsuit below $25,000 Not court of records

      Original jurisdiction Most states have 1 trial court for each county All cases involving major crime and large amounts of money Determine the facts and then apply the law Usually works with a jury Can hear appeals from a lower court or retry case to create a proper record

    Hears appeals from the state trial court Reviewed by a panel (3) of judges No new evidence Can appeal if:  Believe that they did not have a fair trial  Judge in the lower court did not apply the law correctly

   Hear appeals on questions of the law, not facts Attorney’s may give oral arguments and study original documents If the incorrect law interfered with applying the facts of the case can order a retrial

      46 states call their highest court the Supreme Court Most instances these courts make the final decision Only decide whether the law was applied correctly Most state supreme courts select what cases they want to hear Original jurisdiction over state impeachment cases File in timely manner and proper form

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