Gene Sequencing and the Modern Mythology of

Gene Sequencing and the Modern Mythology of
In the 19th century Charles Darwin proposed the theory that species evolved by small
changes over countless generations from simple to complex organisms. Little was
known about the living cell. It was thought to be amorphous and simple. Now in the
21st century the depths of complexity and integration in each living cell continue to be
discovered. At the “brain” of each cell in sexually reproducing organisms are a
number of chromosome pairs – 23 pairs in humans. One side of each pair is from the
father and the matching side is from the mother. Along each chromosome are genes
responsible for the traits of that creature. Each gene is on a specific chromosome and
a specific position relative to the other genes.
For example hypothetically; - chromosome # 7 contains genes n o p q r in the 14th
15th 16th 17th and 18th positions. The positions of each of these genes from the mother
must be matched exactly by the equivalent genes from the father and in the correct
type, order and position as on mother’s chromosome # 7. If there is any variation in
the type, order or position of genes from the father then it cannot be matched and will
not result in viable offspring able to reproduce. Any such variation would be an
evolutionary dead-end in the terms of Darwin’s theory.
If in our hypothetical example chromosome #7 contained the order q r p n o in the
father’s sperm matching pairs are not possible and viable offspring won’t occur. This
exact sequencing of genes is necessary for viable offspring. Any male and female
capable of reproducing viable offspring is found to have identical chromosome and
gene arrangements. If they have not they can’t reproduce successfully.
Any two creatures not able to reproduce successfully are found to have very different
gene arrangements. They are classified as distinct species.
Is it possible for one such species to evolve into another? To do so would require
small changes in gene sequencing of one parent. As soon as such variation occurs
viable offspring are impossible – this is an evolutionary dead end in terms of the
theory. What we now know about gene sequencing renders a theory requiring
incremental changes to go from one species to another – impossible. The theory of
evolution cannot work. It is impossible for one species to gradually evolve into
I teach my science students that the null hypothesis is equally as valid in interpreting
experimental observations as those that support their hypotheses. Why then do so
many in the science community support the theory of evolution when this simple
logic applied to gene sequencing does not support it? Why can’t they accept the null
hypothesis as any honest science student is taught to do?
A clue to where they are coming from is in their response to being challenged. They
accuse you of being religious. Is there even a whiff of religion in this article so far?
No. It is observation and simple logic which does not support the theory. This is
basic science.
Why do they become so defensive? I believe it is because evolution has become a
belief system which endures long after science fails to support it. Those who hold to
this belief continue to claim scientific support to give it the guise of credibility. It is
they who are being religious. They feel threatened because their belief system has
been challenged. They sacrifice intellectual integrity instead of being open to another
theory. The theory of evolution has become so embedded in western culture despite
its lack of support in science that we join the long line of the ancients with our very
own modern mythology that is evolution.
Paul Duncan BA, BAgCom, MTS, DipTch
May 2010
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