Bull Pens Reflection

```Bullpens Reflection – Craig Johnson
The high mountain fencing company is also in the business of building bull pens. However
pens to hold more than one bull are constructed differently than cow pens.
Stage 1 – contains 1 bull
Stage 2 – contains 2 bulls
Stage 3 – contains 3 bulls
I started off the problem by looking at the given figures, counting the squares and making a
t-chart from the first three stages. By the time I had completed writing the 2 nd stage, I
had made a mental conjecture for the 3rd guessing at a linear equation. I confirmed this by
the completion of the t-chart for that level with the actual counting of squares from the
example.
Stage Number
1
2
3
4
5
10
100
n
# of bulls
1
2
3
4
5
10
100
n
Number of walls
8
13
18
23
23
53
503
5n + 3
Looking at the formula I realized a geometric explanation would be that each bull is
surrounded by 5 walls and there are always 3 walls at the end.
This was not how I had written the cow pens problem and I thought that they really should
be related. I saw that the cow pen problem was 3 rows of walls minus the spaces that the
cows occupy. So for the bull pens I looked for 3 rows of walls. All three rows were always
of length equal to the number of bulls, plus one more than the number of bulls. This was
because in the middle row of walls, you always have the one wall before each bull and the
wall at the very end. This however created a solid figure leaving no room for the bulls, so
you had to subtract out a number of walls equal to the number of bulls.
Stage Number
1
2
3
4
5
100
n
# of
bulls
1
2
3
4
5
100
n
Length of the Middle
Section
1+2
2+3
3+4
4+5
5+6
100 + 101
n + (n +1) = 2n + 1
3 times the
length
9
15
21
27
33
603
6n + 3
Number of walls
9–1=8
15 – 2 = 13
21 – 3 = 18
27 – 4 = 23
33 – 5 = 28
603 – 100 = 503
6n + 3 – n = 5n + 3
```