Psych 160 Clinical psychology Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2015

Psych 160 Clinical Psychologies Final Exam Study Guide Fall 2015
Chapter 11: Intervention Overview
1. Ethical issues in the delivery of interventions: need to use approaches that are
evidence-based (that is- found by studies to be effective treatments to given
disorders. )
2. Obtaining an informed consent from the client- what does it mean? (The client
needs to understand what is involved in the therapy etc): The client should also be
informed about research regarding the interventions. Toward the end the
psychologist needs to monitor the effectiveness of the service.
3. Which therapies were found harmful?
4. Theoretical approaches: pp. 326-328 pay attention to psychodynamic therapy and
the concepts of transference and catharsis.
5. What are the main ideas of Interpersonal psychotherapy? P. 330 role disputes etc
6. What is the main assumption about human nature of the Humanistic/Existential
7. What is the main focus of the Cognitive Therapies and Cognitive-Behavioral?
8. What is the definition of psychotherapy?
9. Seeking psychological treatment (pp. 339-340) : the rise in overall use of medical
services seems to be related to the use of medication. Group therapy.
Chapter 1:
1. What is the current scope/focus of clinical psychology?
2. Pay attention to the requirement to present science-based interventions in clinical
psychology. What are some of the concerns expressed in this regard? Is
information based on group-data appropriate for all individuals?
3. Be familiar with all aspects of McFall’s Manifesto
4. What distinguishes clinical psychology form other areas of psychology?
5. Make sure to be familiar with the similarities and differences between clinical
psychology and other areas (e.g. school psychology counseling etc)
Chapter 2:
Be familiar with the various activities of clinical psychologists
What are the goals of assessment? Of prevention?
Be familiar with the 3 different training models of clinical psychologists
Be very familiar with the APA Ethical Principles
Chapter 3:
1. Be very familiar with the categorical approach, the dimensional approach and
the prototype approach
2. Be familiar with examples of external and internal problems as identified by
3. What is the purpose of a diagnostic system?
4. Be very familiar with the field of Developmental Psychopathology
5. Be familiar with the nomothetic and idiographic approaches.
6. The DSM definition of a mental disorder
7. Be familiar with the types of validity and reliability
8. Be familiar with issues of standardization
Chapter 5:
Describe the process of assessment
What is an iterative process in the context of assessment?
What are the goals of assessment?
Be familiar with the process of screening (of groups of people)
Be familiar with the terms sensitivity, base rate, true-positive, false positive,
What is Clinical Utility?
Chapter 6:
1. Issues associated with interviewing children
2. Be very aware of the limits of confidentiality pp. 167-168
3. Differences between clinical interviews and social interaction (table p. 169)
4. Unstructured interviews –open and closed questions pp. 169-171 – see
examples in table p. 170
5. Structured diagnostic interviews pp. 171-174 (pay attention to the
6. Be very familiar with attending skills- se table p. 175 for examples
7. Cultural sensitivity pp. 178-180
8. Defining problems and suicide risk pp. 180- 183
9. Couples, families, children and teens pp. 183-188
10. Observations pp.188-192
11. Plus and minus of self-monitoring (pp. 192-195)
Chapter 7:
1. Defining intelligence pp. 200-201
2. Theories of intelligence pp. 201- 203 pay attention to fluid vs. crystallized
3. Examples of why we assess intelligence- the clinical context pp. 203-205
4. The background and structure of the Wechsler Scales pp. 205-219
5. Use my power-points chapter 7 for the history of the Binet scale and Binet’s
definition of intelligence