Aromatic Structure and Reactions Key

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Dr. Caroline Clower
Chemistry 2412
Aromatic Molecules: Structure
and Reactions Key
1. Name or draw structures for the following compounds.
(a)
isopropylbenzene
Ph
(b)
2-methyl-1-phenyl-2-butene
OH
(c)
o-bromophenol
Br
CH3
CHO
(d)
4-hydroxy-2-methylbenzaldehyde
HO
(e)
3-methyl-1-phenylhexane
NO 2
(f) m-fluoronitrobenzene
F
(g) (3R, 4R)-4-methyl-3-phenylnonane
CH 3
CH 2CH 3
Ph
(h) p-Ethylphenol
NH 2
(i) aniline
OH
CH 3
(j) cis-1-methyl-3-phenylcyclohexane
Ph
Dr. Caroline Clower
Chemistry 2412
Aromatic Molecules: Structure
and Reactions Key
2. Classify each of the following compounds as aromatic, antiaromatic, or nonaromatic.
(Assume all are planar)
(a)
aromatic
(b)
aromatic
(c)
nonaromatic
(d)
antiaromatic
O
(e)
antiaromatic
N
N
H
OH
(f)
aromatic
O
(g)
[18]annulene
aromatic
Dr. Caroline Clower
Chemistry 2412
Aromatic Molecules: Structure
and Reactions Key
3. Predict the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions. If no reaction will occur, write “N.R.”
NO2
(a)
CH3Cl
N.R.
AlCl3
Cl
(b)
Cl
Cl
Cl
Cl
Cl
Cl2
FeCl3
Cl
Cl
NO 2
(c)
HNO3
(substitution reaction)
H2SO4
4. Provide reagents by each arrow below to complete the following reaction scheme.
Br
CH3Cl
Br2
AlCl3
h
1. Mg, Et2O
2. CH3CHO
3. H3O+
1. CH3CH2C(O)Cl
2. H2, Pt
Zn(Hg)
HCl
PCC
O
OH
Dr. Caroline Clower
Chemistry 2412
Aromatic Molecules: Structure
and Reactions Key
5. (i) Draw the major product of the following reaction.
NO 2
HNO3
H2SO4
(ii) Draw the major product formed from the reaction of the compound you drew in part (i) with
another electrophile (E+).
NO 2
E
(iii) Draw the intermediate of the reaction described in part (ii). Include all valid, contributing
resonance structures of this intermediate in your answer.
NO 2
NO 2
NO 2
H
H
E
H
H
E
H
E
H
(iv) Explain why the isomer you drew in part (ii) is the major product of this reaction (rather than any
other isomers).
A resonance structure for the ortho,para substitution have a positive charge on the carbon bearing
the nitro group. This is very unstable because two positive charges are adjacent to one another.
The resonance structures for the meta substitution are more stable, so the meta product is more
likely to form.
Dr. Caroline Clower
Chemistry 2412
Aromatic Molecules: Structure
and Reactions Key
6. Circle the letter that corresponds to the correct answer for each question. There is only one correct
answer for each question.
(i) Which of the statements is TRUE regarding the nitration reaction of isopropylbenzene?
A.
B.
C.
D.
A 50:50 mixture of ortho and para products will be formed.
A greater amount of the para product will be formed.
A greater amount of the ortho product will be formed
Only the meta product will be formed.
(ii) Which of the following compounds would undergo the fastest Friedel-Crafts reaction?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Nitrobenzene
Aniline (F-C fails on benzene substituted with –NH2)
Benzaldehyde
Benzene
(iii) Which of the following sets of substituents are ALL ortho/para directing groups in electrophilic
aromatic substitution?
A.
B.
C.
D.
Cl, CN, NO2
CH3, OCH3, C(O)CH3
Cl, NH2, CH3
CN, NO2, C(O)CH3
7. Aniline reacts with nitrous acid, HNO2, to yield a stable diazonium salt.
This diazonium salt undergoes electrophilic aromatic substitution on activated aromatic rings to yield brightly
colored azo compounds that are widely used as dyes. The intermediate structures for the mechanism of this
reaction are given below. Show all electron flow with arrows for this mechanism on the structures provided.
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