Target - Livestock & Dairy Development Department

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1
Evaluation Report on Project Title
INTRODUCTION OF HIGH YIELDING FODDER
VARITIES AND SEED MULTIPLICATION
THROUGH PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
At
Livestock Production Research Institute, Bahadurnagar (Okara)
Planning & Evaluation Cell Livestock & Dairy Development
Department, Punjab Lahore
1
2
Project Title:
Introduction of high Yielding Fodder
Verities and Seed Multiplication through
Public Private Partnership
Project Cost
53.452 Million
Project Period
36 Months (1.7.2005 to 30.6.2008)
Sector
Livestock
Sponsoring Agency
Government of the Punjab.
2
3
List of contents
Sr. #
Subject
Page #
1.
BACK GROUND
4
2.
INTRODUCTION
5
3.
PROJECT
6
3.1
Project description
3.2
objective of the project:
3.3
PC-I. Phasing/Allocation, Releases & Expenditure
3.4
Project Achievement
3.4(a) Physical Achievement
3.4(b) Financial Achievement
3.5
Project Evaluation Matrix
4
PROJECT WORK ANALYSIS
12
5
BOTTLENECKS
12
6
FINDINGS
12
7
MONITORY BENEFITS
13
8
SUGGESTIONS
13
9
RECOMMENDATIONS
14
3
4
1.
BACKGROUND
Livestock is less vulnerable to adverse weather conditions as compared to crops.
It provides an alternative source of rural income. In 2007-08 livestock accounted for
52.2% of agricultural value added and about 11% of GDP. The role of livestock in the
rural economy is critical, with approximately 30 - 35 million people located in rural areas
engaged in raising livestock, which generates approximately 30-40% of their income.
Fodder crops have pivotal position in context of livestock in our country. Punjab
inhabitants more than 64 million heads of Animals. For this animal fodder is grown only
on 15% cultivatable area (1.9982 million hectares) from where 44.4544 million tons
fodder is produced. At this rate, fodder yield per hectare comes only to 22.2 ton. Situation
of availability of fodder per animal per anum is 740 kg. Sources of the animal feeding
include crop residues (44%) grazing (28%) fodder (15%) concentrates (03%). Livestock
development is directly dependent on fodder production and its promotion. Fodder crops
ensure regular supply of 2-3 times cheaper nutritious fodder than concentrates for the
animals. Animals are generally underfed and under nourished with result in their poor
performance. There is a short fall of 24% in Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) and 33% in
Digestible protein (DP)
There is an acute shortage of fodder during two fodder scarcity periods i.e. June
and November-December, which affect the performance of the livestock to the great
extent, particularly the milch animals. In spite of the fact that Pakistan has attained 4th
position in milk production, huge funds are being spent on the import of dried milk to
meet the growing demand of the human population, because only 4% of milk produced in
the country is procured.
The input cheapest and easiest in adoption having highest impact in increasing
productivity is good quality seed. There is always shortage of fodder seeds as the farmers
do not produce their own seed of fodders crops because at the time of seed production
4
5
there is scarcity of fodder hence the farmers prefers to feed fodder to their animals
instead of leaving the crop for seed production.
Consequently seed for fodder mostly of berseem is imported spending a foreign
exchange of over Rs.500 million, annually. The improved/ approved varieties of berseem,
Lucerne, Oats, Sorghum, Maize, Pearl Millet and the Production technology to achieve
their potential yields are available. But there is no viable seed production system in
fodder crops because Punjab Seed Corporation has not included fodder crops in their
mandate, therefore, the quality seed of improved varieties of fodder crops will be
produced at Livestock Production Research Institute, Bahadurnagar (Okara), Govt.
Livestock Farms, Private dairy farms, Punjab seed corporation, Private seed companies /
advance farmers and also the Govt. Farms for its further multiplication. Moreover, the
varieties and the technology will be replaced with the latest one’s as and when required.
Continuous monitoring of the fields by the technical staff of Livestock Production
Research Institute, Bahadurnagar (Okara), will be done to ensure seed purity. It will
enhance the dissemination of improved fodder crops varieties and production technology
among the farmers. Which will replace the seed of farmers with quality seed and
subsequently will improve the health of animals and lead to increased availability of
animal based products?
2.
INTRODUCTION
There is an acute shortage of fodder during two fodder scarcity periods i.e. June
and November-December, which affect the performance of the livestock to the great
extent, particularly the milch animals. In spite of the fact that Pakistan has attained 4th
position in milk production, huge funds are being spent on the import of dried milk to
meet the growing demand of the human population, because only 4% of milk produced in
the country is procured.
The input cheapest and easiest in adoption having highest impact in increasing
productivity is good quality seed. There is always shortage of fodders seed as the farmers
do not produce their own seed of fodders crops because at the time of seed production
5
6
there is scarcity of fodder hence the farmers prefers to feed fodder to their animals
instead of leaving the crop for seed production.
Consequently seed for fodder mostly of berseem is imported spending a foreign
exchange of over Rs.500 million, annually. The improved/ approved varieties of berseem,
Lucerne, Oats, Sorghum, Maize, Pearl Millet and the Production technology to achieve
their potential yields are available. But there is no viable seed production system in
fodder crops because Punjab Seed Corporation has not included fodder crops in their
mandate, therefore, the quality seed of improved varieties of fodder crops will be
produced at Livestock Production Research Institute, Bahadurnagar (Okara), Govt.
Livestock Farms, Private dairy farms, Punjab seed corporation, Private seed companies /
advance farmers and also the Govt. Farms for its further multiplication. Moreover, the
varieties and the technology will be replaced with the latest one’s as and when required.
Continuous monitoring of the fields by the technical staff of Livestock Production
Research Institute, Bahadurnagar (Okara), will be done to ensure seed purity. It will
enhance the dissemination of improved fodder crops varieties and production technology
among the farmers,. Which will replace the seed of farmers with quality seed and
subsequently will improve the health of animals and lead to increased availability of
animal based products?
3.
PROJECT
3.1
Project Description:
Livestock is less vulnerable to adverse weather conditions as compared to
crops. It provides an alternative source of rural income. In 2007-08 livestock accounted
for 52.2% of agricultural value added and about 11% of GDP. The role of livestock in the
rural economy is critical, with approximately 30 - 35 million people located in rural areas
engaged in raising livestock, which generates approximately 30-40% of their income.
Fodder crops have pivotal position in context of livestock in our country. Punjab
inhabits more than 64 million heads of Animals. For these animal fodder is grown only
on 15% cultivatable area (1.9982 million hectares) from where 44.4544 million tons
6
7
fodder is produced. At this rate, fodder yield per hectare comes only to 22.2 ton. Situation
of availability of fodder per animal per anum is 740 kg. Sources of the Animal feeding
include crop residues (44%) grazing (28%) fodder (15%) concentrates (03%). Livestock
development is directly dependent of fodder production and its promotion. Fodder crops
ensure regular supply of 2-3 times cheaper nutritious fodder than concentrates for the
animals. Animals are generally underfed and under nourished with result in their poor
performance. There is a short fall of 24% in Total Digestible Nutrients (TDN) and 33% in
Digestible protein (DP)
3.2
OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT
1.
Multiplication of approved varieties of fodder crops at the farmer’s Field.
2.
Demonstration of the latest package of seed production technology for its
dissemination among the farmers.
3.
Guidance of the farmers in producing quality seed of fodder crops
4.
To improve the production status of animals for increased milk and meat
production
3.3
PC.I. Phasing/Allocation, Releases & Expenditure
Year
Phasing as
per PC.I
21.700
18.424
3.963
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
3.4
ADP
Allocation
21.700
18.424
3.963
Releases
(Rs. In Million)
Expenditure
% age
17.455
19.366
3.963
14.435
18.379
3.952
82.70
94.90
99.72
PROJECT ACHIEVMENT PHYSICAL
3.4 (a) TARGET AND ACHIEVMENT OF FODDER SEED PROJECT
AT BAHADURNAGAR DISTRICT OKARA (TONS)
Name of
fodder
Kharif
Rabi
Ist Year 2005-2006
Achievement
Target
27.357
24
19
19.085
2nd Year 2006-2007
Achievement
Target
26.685
25
20
23.472
3rd Year 2007-2008
Target
Achievement
44.703
26
21
21.025
7
8
AT 10 DISTRICTS (TONS)
Name of
fodder
Kharif
Rabi
Ist Year 2005-2006
Achievement
Target
--23
18
18.395
2nd Year 2006-2007
3rd Year 2007-2008
Achievement
Target Achievement Target
27.803
28.100
24
25
19
20.651
20
21.513
AT LIVESTOCK FARMS (TONS)
Name of
fodder
Kharif
Rabi
Ist Year 2005-2006
Achievement
Target
---22
18
19.800
2nd Year 2006-2007
3rd Year 2007-2008
Achievement
Target
Achievement
Target
23.012
25.108
23
25
19
19.800
20
20.123
8
9
3.4 (b) Financial achievement Physical Targets and Expenditure:
(Million Rupees)
Item
PC.I Estimates
Actual Expenditure
Total
Local
F.E.C.
Total
Local
F.E.C.
(a) Three Single Cabin
3.000
3.000
-250200
250200
-(b) Eight Motorcycle
0.480
0.480
-462160
462160
-(c) Two Tractors
1.100
1.100
-1100000
1100000
-(d) Two Rotavator
0.130
0.130
-84000
84000
-(e) Two disc Harrow
0.150
0.150
-128000
128000
-(f) Two Cultivator
0.150
0.150
42800
42800
(g) One Land Leveler/Blade
0.015
0.015
13800
13800
(h) Two Seed & Fertilizer
0140
0140
47800
47800
Drill
(i) One Ridger
0.035
0.035
17250
17250
(j) One Planter
0.015
0.015
15000
15000
(k) Two Disc Plough
0.035
0.035
59970
59970
(l) One Furrow turn Plow
0.013
0.013
13000
13000
(m)One Hoeing cultivator
0.030
0.030
25300
25300
(n) One spinner Broad 0.025
0.025
12000
12000
Caster
(m)Tractor Mounted Sprayer 0.050
0.050
45000
45000
(o)Trolly Hydrolix
0.150
0.150
1,49438
1,49438
(p)One Trolly simple
0.130
0.130
129500
129500
(q) One Maize Sheller
0.065
0.065
39900
39900
( r )One Thresher
0.150
0.150
104000
104000
(s) One Reaper
0.035
0.035
35000
35000
(t) One Chiesal Plow
0.035
0.035
17000
17000
(u)Seed Cleaner
0.150
0.150
49900
49900
(v)Seed Grader
0.150
0.150
49800
49800
(w)Seed Counter
0.105
0.105
10500
10500
(x)Two Tubewell with
2.600
2.600
2800000
2800000
Turbine
(y)One Germinator
0.050
0.050
499300
499300
(z) Two Laminar Flow
1.000
1.000
337000
337000
Aa) One Centrifuge Machine 0.500
0.500
240000
240000
Small
Ab)One Centrifuge Machine
5.000
5.000
5700000
5700000
Large
Ac) One Microscope with
0.500
0.500
349000
349000
Camera
Ad) OneSeed Drier
0.100
0.100
315500
315500
Ae) One Seed Treater
0.040
0.040
15000
15000
Af) OneDigital Camera
0.060
0.060
59800
59800
Ag)Two Weighing Scale
0.300
0.300
86000
86000
9
10
Project Evaluation Matrix
Quantitative
Targets
Achievements
Identification
and
multiplication
of approved
fodder
varieties
At
Bahadurnagar
Kharif(75)
Rabi(60)
At 10 Districts
Kharif(72)
Rabi(57)
At Livestock
Farms
Kharif(70)
Rabi(57)
At
Bahadurnagar
Kharif(98)
Rabi(63)
At 10 District
Kharif(55)
Rabi(60)
At Livestock
Farms
Kharif(48)
Rabi(60)
 Documentation in
hard and soft copies.
 Verified on ground.
 Promotion of
hybrid
varieties of
crops
Demonstratio
n of latest
package of
seed
production
technology
for its
dissemination
among
farmers.
Induction of
latest seed
production
technology.
Purchase of
latest
equipments
Completed
 Registered farmers
 Record of Fairs &
Exhibitions
 Data in computers /
Registers
 Raised
market value
of seed
production
technology
Guidance of
the farmers in
producing
Technical
assistance of
farmers for
Demonstration
Plots (Acre
Each)
Demonstration
Plots(Acre
Each)
 Registered farmers
 Data in computer /
Registers.
 Farmer
awareness in
seed
Vision
Mission
Objectives
Interventions
Support Livestock
development in a
policy environment
that enables farmers to
realize the dividends of
Livestock farming by
smartly deploying
public investment &
inducing private
capital & initiatives in
the sector for poverty
alleviation, food
security & generation
of exportable.
To increase per
acre yield of
Kharif and Rabi
Fodder and their
Seed Production
through
promotion of
improved
varieties/hybrids
and improved
crop production
technology.
Multiplication
of approved
varieties of
fodder crops
at the
Farmer’s
field.
Objectively Verifiable
Indicators
Impact
10
11
quality seed
of fodder
crop.
quality seed
production.
To improve
the production
status of
animals for
milk and
meat.
increase in
milk and meat
production
At
Bahadurnagar
(111)
At 10
Districts(108)
At Livestock
Farms(101)
-
selection.
 Helped in
decision
making
At
Bahadurnagar
(111)
At 10
Districts(108)
At Livestock
Farms(101)
-
 Registered farmers
 Data in computer /
Register
Assessment of
true genetic
worth of seed.
11
12
4.
PROJECT WORK ANALYSIS
a.
5.
Introduction of new fodder varieties
(a)
Green Fodder Yield gap between existing & improved variety
(b)
Net benefit gap between existing & improved variety
b.
Net income of the farmers from newly developed seed production system
c.
Impact on provincial average green fodder yield improvement
d.
Reduction in import bill regarding forage seed
BOTTLENECKS
a.
Capacity building of the farmers producing seeds
b.
Certification of seed produced at farmers’ field
c.
Registration of seed produced by the farmers
d.
Procurements & processing of seed produced by the farmer through
entrepreneurship
6.
e.
Skill required for storage and dissemination of seed
f.
Replacement of seed with the newly improved varieties of seed
g.
Availability of technical staff for continuous supervision
FINDINGS
a.
Demonstration and penetration of knowledge among the farmers
community is higher as many farmers are engage in this system
b.
Seed production of forage with the farmers perception is successful
12
13
c.
Dissemination/Distribution of improved/approved variety is easier &
quicker as compared to other seed production systems
7.
d.
Seed production of forage crops is profitable & beneficial at job
e.
Through this system livestock productivity can also be enhanced.
MONITORY BENEFITS
1)
Financial utilization of project funds was satisfactory
2)
Purchase of physical assets (99%) was satisfactory
3)
The total trials were conducted well in time
4)
Seed production targets were achieved
5)
Targets of seed production technology were achieved
6)
Farmers were guided/supervised for producing quality seed of fodder
crops
7)
Productivity of milk increased by 12% in milch animals & 8% in meat
calves by the improved fodder crop varieties
8.
SUGGESTIONS
i)
Projects should be approved well before its implementation.
ii)
Procurement procedures should be simplified.
iii)
The procedure for inclusion of articles in S.S. Manual should be more
simplified to save the time.
iv)
The staff should be appointed well in time
13
14
9.
RECOMMENDATIONS
On the basis of evaluation on ground and in the field level and due to the nature of
seed multiplication program. It is recommended that
1)
This project should be shifted from development to non development
expenditure.
2)
This project should be expanded through out the province.
3)
This project should be strengthened by providing latest facilities and R&D
Station.
14
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