PHIL B6a: Introduction to Philosophy Instructor: Moya Arthur Bakersfield College Fall 2009 Reading Assignments/Class Assignments Tuesday Thursday 8/25 8/27 Introduction to the class Philosophical method: Argument Class Topic Course content/expectations Fact verses theory How to be a good philosophy student What is “truth”? h/o#1: “Does Philosophy Bake Bread?, Re-read “Mud’s Eye View” and consider Assigned (VofW, pgs. 14-18). it again in light of our class discussion, Reading h/o#2:”Mud’s Eye View” and the questions below. 1. What sorts of questions does 1. What is an argument? What you should philosophy ask? 2. What is the difference between a know/understand 2. What sorts of answers can it get? “fact” and “theory”? 3. How can philosophical thinking be from this* 3. How do we know what is “true”? helpful? *These questions are the sorts of things you chould understand when you are finished reading the material and participating in the class that addresses the reading. You should know the definitions and uses of all words in bold. Revisit these questions continually as you progress through the reading assignments. Notice how the “answers” you give change as you learn more about the material. Week 1 Week 2 Class Topic Assigned Reading Tuesday 9/1 The Apology (first third of dialogue) Recognizing arguments Argument Forms: Modus Tollens Scientific Method The Apology, VofW, pgs. 48-56ish On-line at: Thursday 9/3 The Apology (second third of dialogue) Knowledge Argument from Analogy 1. Why is everyone mad at Socrates? 2. What and why is Socrates doing what makes people so angry? 3. Who are the two sets of accusers, and which set does Socrates believe is the most dangerous? Why? 4. What does Socrates see as the “limits of human wisdom”? What can we know and why? 1. Identify and explain Meletus’ charge of atheism. How does Socrates refute this charge? 2. What does Socrates see as the “Philosopher’s Mission”? 3. Identify and explain Socrates’ argument that he is a “gadfly.” 4. Explain what an argument of analogy is and show how Socrates uses one of these to prove his point. The Apology, VofW, pgs. 56-60ish <http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/apology.html> What you should know/understand from this Week 3 Class Topic Assigned Reading Tuesday 9/8 The Apology (last third of dialogue) Argument Forms: Constructive Dilemma The Apology, VofW, pgs. 60-63 On-line at: <http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/apology/html> What you should know/understand from this Week 4 Class Topic Assigned Reading Week 5 Class Topic The Euthyphro What is it to be “good”? The Euthyphro On-line at: <http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/euthyfro/html> 1. Why is Socrates found guilty? Is he really? 2. Why does Socrates believe that nothing bad will happen to him, even in death? Explain. 3. Show how Socrates’ argument that his death will be a good thing can be seen as a Constructive Dilemma. 1. What is Euthyphro doing at Court? 2. How does Euthyphro know he is right? 3. Does Euthyphro have knowledge? Tuesday 9/15 The Euthyphro, cont. “ Argument Form: “Argument ad Absurdum,” “Indirect Proof” The Euthyphro On-line at: Thursday 9/17 The Euthyphro, cont. The limits of human knowledge, as process of knowing. The Euthyphro On-line at: 1. Identify each proposed definition of piety, and how Socrates refutes it.(You should find between 7 and 9 proposed definitions). 2. What is a Daedelus? Why does Euthyphro call Socrates this? 1. What did Socrates learn through the process of questioning? 2. Did Euthyphro learn from it? Why/why not? 3. How might this knowledge relate back to the Apology and socrates’ supposed “wisdom”? Explain. <http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/euthyfro/html> What you should know/understand from this Thursday 9/10 Tuesday 9/22 Review for Exam #1 Develop exam questions Assigned Reading Reread all assigned reading to this point. What you should know/understand from this Understand the process that instructors use to develop exam questions. <http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/euthyfro/html> Thursday 9/24 Exam 1 Take-home exam questions due at 11am.