Definition of Global-Warming

Definition of Global-Warming
The greenhouse effect is the warming of the Earth`s surface and lower atmosphere that
tends to intensify with an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxid. A growing number of
scientists estimate that global average temperatures could increase by as much as 5°C
(9°F) by the middle of the 21st century.
Global warming is the phenomenon in which the density in the atmosphere of gases
such as carbon dioxid rises and in turn causes the air temperature to rise. Forests are
where carbon is accumulated in large amounts from the atmosphere through
photosyntesis. When trees are felled and burned carbon is released, and even if the
felled trees are left where they`re chopped, they will eventually carbon dioxid. The
reduction of forests is thus also a primary factor of global warming.
The ozone layer is that part of the stratosphere which contains ozone. Ozone is notable
for its ability to absorb certain frequencies of ultraviolet radiation. The ozone layer is
not very dense; if it were compressed to the density of the troposphere, it would be
only a few millimeters thick.
Kyoto Protocol
The Kyoto Protocol was introduced to reduce the so-called greenhouse gases and to
abate the global warming in the future. There are many different guidelines for these
156 countries (representing over 61% of global emissions) which acceded to the Kyoto
The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in 1997 and should come into force when 55 nations
enter this agreement. This accord was reached in 2002. The intention of the Kyoto
Protocol is the reducing of greenhouse gases on the average of 5,2% until 2012.
Infact the great power USA acceded to the Kyoto Protocol, but they doesn't ratified it.
The USA is significantly involved in the global warming, because they outcast 50% of
carbon dioxide.
They're a lot more points of critique:
- The Charges of the implementation is very high
- 3°C - 4°C global warming would only be decelerated of 6 years
- The targets of the Kyoto Protocol aren't persecuted
Burden-sharing in the EU
- 7,5
- 21,0
- 21,0
- 12,5
+ 25,0
- 6,5
- 28,0
- 6,0
- 13,0
+ 13,0
+ 27,0
+ 4,0
+ 15,0
Prospects of the Kyoto Protocol
Experts of the climate protection and politician expect a clearly delay of the global
warming. You can't revoke the masses of carbon dioxid which was ejected until now,
but you can reduce it. They hope that they can avert the fusion of the polar caps.
One of the main consequences of the global warming are natural disasters like
tornados or tsunamis. They arrogate thousands of human lifes in Sri Lanka 2004. The
reason for these natural disasters is the fusion of the polar caps, whereby the sea level
increases dramatically.
The number of natural disasters increased about 2% - 4% in the second half of the
20th century. The blanket of snow waned about 10% since the end of the 60's.
The summery sheet of ice waned about 40% in the arcitc zone since the 50's. The
Guldstream will collapse, in consequence of this you can recognise a lucidly cooling
down of the notherly hemisphere.
Wars, availibilities of mineral oil, water and foods will affect our planet.
This facts are prognoses of scientist who are specialised in the global warming.
But that`s not the only dramtical point about the global warming.
A terribly catastrophe happened in 2004 when a tsunami demolished a large coast area.
This disaster arrgoated 200.000 human lifes. The precisely number of dead can't be
found out.
This type of catastrophe belongs to the natural disasters. Another kind of debacles are
climate disasters.
Characteristic of climate disasters is the increasing number of hurricanes and heavy
Snowmelt from an american glacier flowed into the gulf of mexico 11.000 years ago.
It doesn't have any influence over the circulation, but then it flowed into the
northatlantic. Explorer found out that there was a small ice-age, because of this
incident. Something like this could happen in the present. Explorer worry about the
fusion of the greenland ice-shield.
The temperature could increase about 3°C in the next 100 years. Among the
consequences for the circulation of the seas would the sea-level increase dramtically
(about 7 meters).