Darwin and Natural Selection Study Guide

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Darwin and Natural Selection Quiz Study Guide

1. What did Darwin infer from his observations of organisms in South America and the

Galápagos Islands? a.

The organisms on the Galápagos Islands were identical to mainland organisms. b. A small number of different plant and animal species had come to the mainland from the Galápagos Islands. c.

The organisms on the Galápagos Islands were completely unrelated to mainland organisms. d. A small number of different plant and animal species had come to the Galápagos Islands from the mainland.

2.

What did Darwin observe about finches in the Galápagos Islands?

Their ________ were adaptations related to the _______ they ate.

3.

Darwin concluded that organisms on the Galápagos Islands a. had changed over time. b. had remained the same. c. were the result of selective breeding. d. had no variations.

4. What is the role of genes in evolution? a. Genes cause extinction b. Parents with recessive genes die from overproduction. c. The genes of most surviving parents have only dominant alleles. d. Only traits that are controlled by genes can be acted on by natural selection.

5. The marbled murrelet, an endangered seabird in California, is dependent upon sequoia forests and trees for survival. What might happen to the marbled murrelet population if the sequoia population went extinct? a. The population of marbled murrelet would remain the same. b. The population of marbled murrelet would increase. c. The marbled murrelet would go extinct.

6. Which term refers to a species creating more offspring than can possibly survive? a. natural selection b. overproduction c. evolution d. variation

7.

List

and Explain the 5 Steps of natural selection.

2.

3.

4.

8.

Know the following academic vocabulary words:

Adaptation-

Evolution

Genetic variation

Natural selection

Scientific theory

Species

9.

List things that organisms compete for in order to survive.

10.

Fill in this chart

Remember this…

Describe the adaptation

What was the benefit of the adaptation (how does it help the organism survive & reproduce?

Hand lab

Jelly bellicus lab

Cryptic coloration

Mimicry

Think of four plants/animals that we’ve learned about or have seen…

1.

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