The „ducth family" Diary Goat Farm at the

Seregi, János
Lózsi, Péter
Horváth, András
Stark, Róbert
Seregi, Tamás
Research Institute for University
of Veterinary Science
Üllő, Hungary
At the Research Institute for the University of Veterinary Science, Sanental goats can be found imported from
the Netherlands. In 1997 the goat stock consisted of two rams for service, 69 milking goats 56 kids. Onehundred-sixteen kids were born out of 56 parturitions and 34 had already been sold. The lactation production is
40 000 litres of milk /60-70 animals/ 4000 kg cheese. One cheese weighs about 3.5 - 4 kg. The average weight of
a milking goat is 62 kg and average weight of a ram for service is 72 kg.
The main substance is the milk. It is also a product. GOUDA cheese is made and if it is required or ordered
we can also make cottage or smoked cheese as well. Because of their good pedigree, some kids are sold for
breeding. Experimentaly we have already made goat ham.
It has to be mentioned that Boer goats can also be seen at our farm. The plan is to use these animals to create
the F1 Boer goat generation in such Sanental milking goats which have unacceptable milk production.
With the help of the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture and the World Bank, 30 milking
mother goats and 50 kids and 2 rams for service arrived in 1994.
The bid on this project has been won by the Dutch company called FARMCO (Leuwarden
- Netherlands).
The building to store the animals in has been formed from the reconstruction of a sheepfold by the financial support of the Hungarian Ministry of Agriculture and the institute itself.
Animal keeping and nutrition
The Sanental goats are growing under such circumstances as intensive livestock keeping,
deep bedding, and runs.
By a Dutch prescription for the milking goat, a nutrient is produced by a Hungarian
nutrient company called Monortáp. The milking animals have been implanted with responders
controlled by a computer and the system is connected to some automatic nutrient feeders.
The amount of the concentrate was decided after the monthly milking.
Animal breeding
Two rams for service arrived with the flock of goats. During the breeding season beginning
in September 1994, these rams were used for natural mating. In spring 1995, 90 kids were
born from 51 mothers. In the autumn of 1995, the E.T. programme was made cooperatively
with Professor Brem and his colleagues (University for Animal Science, Vienna ). During this
procedure frozen “bur” goat embryos were transferred into our Sanental recipients. Three kids
have been born out of this programme.
Another programme went on parallel with this project. After synchronization, five donor
animals were mated artificially with sperm collected from the two rams for service. Embryos
gained in such a way have been transfered to our recipients.
Kids born during this project are the results of the first E.T. on goats made in Hungary.
Two new rams for service had been bought from the Netherlands and were used for mating in
the fall of 1996.
In 1997, 116 kids were born from 56 lambings. The breeding and production data have
been reported monthly to the Alpine and Sanental Goat Breeder Association in Hungary.
The mothers are being milked twice a day by a Bou-Matic milker. The 2x8 abreast milk
parlour is run by one person and she milks 60-70 goats in 1.5 hours.
The lactation period lasts on average 280 days and the average milk production is 710
litres/animal/year at our institute. All milk is used for cheese production. Since the beginning
of our goat project 8 400 kg of goat cheese have been made.
Eighty-six male kids have been sold to goat breeders and the female ones are kept and
raised for breeding at our institute.