Vocabulary for Fiction – Novels and Short Stories Short Story – a fictional story usually only 10-20 pages long. Fewer characters than novels. Theme – the main idea or underlying truth in a story. Plot – Series of related events that tell the story. Setting – Time, place, and mood of a story. Exposition – The beginning of the story where we learn about the setting, the main character/characters, and the initial conflict. Rising Action – parts of the plot that lead up to the climax of the story. Climax – The most intense part of the story where reader sees how conflict will be resolved. Resolution – End of story where everything is tied up and explained. Conflict – the struggle or clash between opposing sides in the story. External Conflict – Conflict between the character and something outside the character. Internal Conflict – Conflict that happens within the character’s self. Character – Person or player in a story. Characterization – Process of revealing a character through thoughts, appearance, beliefs, and personality. Dynamic character – a character who changes through a story. Static Character – a character who stays the same through a story. Foreshadowing – Hints or clues about what will happen later in the story. Symbol / Symbolism – something that stands for something else.