Chapter: What is Morality? This is just a general introductory chapter to get you thinking about the issues. Read of the three cases. Make sure you understand what Rachels means by Moral Reasoning and The Requirement of Impartiality. Chapter: The Challenge of Cultural Relativism Questions: 1) What is the difference between claiming “Different cultures have different moral codes” and “Morality is relative to cultural”? Does the truth of the first claim demonstrate the truth of the second? 2) What is the Cultural Differences Argument? Why does Rachels claim that it is unsound? How does the question about the shape of the Earth relate to the Cultural Differences Argument? 3) What are the consequences of taking Cultural Relativism seriously according to Rachels? Is he right? Are these really the consequences of Cultural Relativism? 4) What is Rachels point when discussing the various reasons people may have for believing it is wrong to eat cows? What is this suppose to demonstrate about Cultural Relativism? Does the discussion of Eskimo infanticide demonstrate the same point? 5) Why does Rachels think that certain values must be more or less universal? What does it mean to say a value is universal? Can you think of any other universal values? Do universal values demonstrate the falsity of Cultural Relativism? 6) What is the difference between tolerance and Cultural Relativism? Would accepting Cultural Relativism promote tolerance? Should tolerant people be Cultural Relativists? 7) What is the benefit of Cultural Relativism?