Bone Marrow Donation-Outline

Maryam P. Yosri
Speech# 5
Topic: Saving lives
Specific purpose: To inform and persuade my audience of how can be a bone marrow
Thesis statement: simplicity and ease of bone marrow donation
I. You can be a cure or be someone’s cure
II. Imagine in a sunny afternoon of a summer day, you are hiking, and all of a sudden
you hear someone groaning and calling for help. You start walking fast to find
the source. You find someone suspended in mid air, holding to a piece of
rock. You try to focus, to think what you should do, in the mean time he/she is
telling you to bring his/her rope or wood stick. Immediately, you look at your
backpack and surprisingly find rope, and you throw the robe to his/her. Wow!
You saved him/her.
III. How do you feel if each one of you could save a life tonight?
IV. Most of you have heard about leukemia; Leukemia is cancer of the blood cells. It
starts in the bone marrow, the soft tissue inside most bones.
what cause leukemia?
I. Experts don’t know what causes leukemia but there are some risk factors, such as:
Exposure to large amounts of radiation.
Exposure to certain chemicals at work, such as benzene.
Having had some types of chemotherapy to treat another cancer.
Having Down syndrome or some other genetic problems.
But there is an easy and simple way to save a life or cure leukemia that is called bone
marrow transplant.
Having the possible cure for leukemia patients, so why are they dying in
large numbers? The hard question to be answered is why people don’t volunteer to save
II. In my opinion there are some reasons for lack of donors:
1- Lack of enough knowledge about the cure itself,
2- Lack of knowledge about the process of donation,
3- Hesitancy regarding effects of donation on themselves
4- Most people think bone marrow donation is painful and they have to pay, but
it is not true, it is pain free and it doesn’t cost a penny.
III. I recently did a research and found out how easy the process is.
A. Bone marrow donation used to be a complex process. It was a minor surgery
performed under general anesthesia, meaning the donor would be asleep and painfree during the procedure. The bone marrow was removed from the back of both
hipbones during this process.
B. But today there is an easy and simple way to donate that is called PBSC
donation. If you are at the ages between 18-44 provide the greatest chance.
so, what are the steps?
The first step is: Go to and choose join us to register yourself as a
The second step is: answer the question about your overall health
The third step is: you will receive a swab kit for collect DNA or check cell, follow
the instruction and return the kit.
For how long are you going to be a donor or in the list?
When you join to be the match registry, you make a commitment to be listed until
your 61th birthday, unless you ask to be removed. About 1 in 540 member of the
Be Match Registry in the United States will go to donate bone marrow.
what will happen after the match?
After you become a match and picked to donate, you are the only thing between
life and death of the recipient.
A. The final step is: donate blood cells through PBSC process. PBSC donation is
a non-surgical procedure done in an outpatient clinic. PBSC donors receive
daily injections of a drug called filgrastim for five days, to increase the
number of blood-forming cells in the bloodstream.
B. Then, through a process called apheresis, a donor's blood is removed through
a needle in one arm and passed through a machine that separates out the
blood-forming cells. The remaining blood is returned to the donor through the
other arm. Then a donor's healthy blood-forming cells are given directly into
the patient's bloodstream, where they can begin to function and multiply.
Every year, 10,000 blood cancer and blood disease patients need a marrow
transplant to survive. By making a gift to Be The Match, you help
ensure that every patient receives the care and support services they
It is left up to each and everyone of us to help those in need. There hasn’t
been a single concern about safety and health of the donors, so the only
investment in saving someone’s life is a few hours of our time.
Can you stand and watch a human being die? If not, then please participate
in donor’s program and add a remarkable purpose to your life.