week13b - University of Colorado Boulder

GEOGRAPHY 5951 – Cloud and Radiation Forcings
Arking, A. 1991: The radiative effect of clouds and their impact. Bull. Amer. Soc.,
72: 795-814.
Arking, A. 1999: The influence of clouds and water vapor on atmospheric absorption.
Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(17): 2729-32.
Arking, A. 1999: Bringing climate models into agreement with observations of
atmospheric absorption. J. Climate, 12(6): 1589-1600.
Cess, R.D. et al., 1995: Absorption of solar radiation by clouds: observations versus
models. Science, 267: 496-499.
Cess, R.D. et al., 1992: Interprelation of seasonal cloud-climate interactions using Earth
Radiation Budget Experiment data. J. Geophys. Res., 97(D7) 76130-17.
Crane, R.G. and R.G. Barry. 1984: The influence of clouds on climate with focus on high
latitude interactions. J. Climatol., 4: 71-93.
Curry, J.A. et al., 1996: Overview of Arctic cloud and radiation characteristics. J.
Climate. 9(8): 1731-64.
Fouquart, Y. et al., 1990:The influence of clouds on radiation: a climate-modelling
perspective. Rev. Geophys.,28: 145-66.
Francis, P.N. et al., 1997: On the question of enhanced solar radiation absorption by
clouds. Quat. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 123: 419-34.
Harrison, E.P. et al., 1990: Seasonal variation of cloud radiative forcing derived from the
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment. J. Geophys. Res., 95: 18,607-703.
Hartmann, D.L. and Doelling, D. 1991: On the net radiative effectiveness of clouds. J.
Geophys. Res., 96(D1): 869-92.
Hartmann, D.L. et al., 1986: Earth radiation budget data and climate research. Rev.
Geophys., 24: 469-468.
Henderson-Sellers, A. 1987: Increasing cloud in a warming world. Climatic Change,
9: 267-309.
Kiehl, J.T. 1994: Clouds and their effects on the climate system. Phys. Today, 47(11):
Kiehl, J.T. and Trenberth, K.E. 1997: Earth’s annual global mean energy budget. Bull.
Amer. Met. Soc., 78(2): 197-208.
Lockwood, J.G. 1990: Clouds and the atmospheric radiation balance. Progr. Phys. Geog.,
14: 89-96.
McGuffie, K. and A. Henderson-Sellers. 1987: Will clouds provide a negative feedback
in a CO2-warmed world? In: S.I. Solomon et al (eds.), The influence of Climate
Change and Climate Variability on the Hydrologic Regime and Water Resources,
IAHS, 168: 619-629.
Ohring, G. andGruber, A. 1983: Satellite radiation observations and climate theory. Adv.
Geophys., 25: 237-304.
Rajeevan, M. 1996: Climate implications of the observed changes in ozone vertical
distribution. Int. J. Climatol., 16: 15-22.
Ramanathan, V. and W. Collin. 1991: Thermodynamic regulation of ocean warming by
cirrus clouds deduced from observations of 1957 El Nino. Nature, 351: 27-32.
Ramanathan, V. et al., 1989: Cloud-radiative forcing and climate. Results from the Earth
Radiation Budget Experiment. Science, 243: 57-63.
Roeckner, E. et al., 1987: Cloud optical depth feedbacks and climate modeling. Nature,
329: 138-160.
Rossow, W.B. 1993: Clouds. In: R.J. Gurney et al (eds.), Atlas of Satellite Observations
related to Global Change, Cambridge University Press, pp. 141-63.
Rossow, W.B. and Schiffer, R.A. 1999: Advances in understanding clouds from ISSCP.
Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 80(11): 2261-87.
Slingo, A. and J.M. Slingo. 1988: The response of a general circulation model to cloud
longwave radiative forcing. Quat. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 114: 1027-1062.
Stephens, G.L. and T.J. Greenwald. 1991: The earth’s radiation budget and its relation to
atmospheric hydrology. 2. observations of cloud effects. J. Geophys. Res., 96:
Waliser, D.E. 1996: Some considerations on the thermostat hypothesis. Bull. Amer. Met.
Soc., 77: 457-460.
Walsh, J.E. and W.L. Chapman. 1998: Arctic cloud radiation temperature associations in
observational data and atmospheric reanalyses. J. Climate, 11(11): 3030-45.
Webster, P.J. and G.L. Stephens. 1986: Cloud-radiation and the climate problem. In: J.T.
Houghton (ed.), The Global Climate.Cambridge University Press, pp. 63-78.
Wendler, G. 1986: The “radiation paradox” on the slopes of the Antarctic continent.
Polar Observing, 56: 33-47.
Wetherald, R.T. and S. Manabe. 1980: Cloud cover and climate sensitivity. J. Atmos.
Sci., 37: 1485-1510.
Wielecki, B.A. et al., 1995: Mission to Planet Earth: Role of clouds and radiation in
climate. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 76(11): 2125-2153.
Zhang, T-J. et al., 1996: Impact of clouds on surface radiative fluxes and snowmelt in the
Arctic and Subarctic. J. Climate, 9(9): 2110-23.