DEGREE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (CLASS 20) PROGRAMME AND REGULATIONS The degree in Agricultural Science and Technology (class 20) complies with all the general objectives stated in the Italian Ministerial Decree of 4/8/2000 for class 20. It is a broad-based degree with a technical and economics specialisation. It includes all the main core subjects for agricultural science (botany, genetics, agricultural chemistry, ecology, agronomy, crop production plant protection, agricultural industries, microbiology) with further study of land appraisal and economics, as well as technical and engineering components. The degree involves a total of 19 examinations. The students may choose areas of study equivalent to 18 credits, according to their own interests Graduates in this discipline should display the skills required for: The management and control of agricultural systems and production and the main technological, economic and ecological features; Farm management, appraisal of land, farm structures, technical inputs and products in agricultural systems; First stage of product processing and conservation; Planning of works/interventions in the agricultural system: rural buildings, irrigation systems, land hydraulic systems, farm mechanisation, crop plans and protection; The technical and economic assistance to farm enterprises; A sound foundation in cultural, technological and scientific skills to facilitate keeping abreast of the latest developments in the profession. The degree course is open to all those who satisfy the minimum university entrance requirements as prescribed by law (Italian high school diploma or foreign equivalent). A summary of specific courses for the degree is given, followed by a more detailed explanation of individual course objectives and number of credits. The student must carry out a work traineeship in enterprises, firms, professional studios or institutions outside the university, which operate in the agricultural, agroindustrial or related sectors. The traineeship is equivalent to 10 credits. It can be partially or totally substituted with a course at a suitable university; the course must be equivalent to 10 credits. The examinations may include periodic written tests during the course, discussion of projects, assignments and final written and oral examinations. The final examination involves a dissertation regarding an aspect of the work traineeship or regarding the study, research, experimentation and/or planning on a practical problem, displaying adequate critical analysis and correct procedures. Three-year course timetable for Agricultural Science and Technology degree, divided into terms. Ist Year Term Subject I Mathematics General and organic chemistry Foreign language II Agricultural genetics Physics I Principles of agricultural economics III Agricultural ecology Agricultural biochemistry Agricultural botany Course of student’s choice Credits 6 8 6 6 6 9 6 6 6 1 Lecturer (2001-2002) Marucci 7 8 5 9 12 9 10 Trovatelli Biondi 7 5 8 8 8 4 10 4 6 Anelli Venzi Pica Gusman Porceddu De Santis Severini Caporali Giovannozzi Maggini 2nd Year IV V VI Agricultural microbiology Agricultural mechanisation Course of student’s choice Principles of animal husbandry Principles of agronomy and crop production Principles of plant protection Agricultural economics and policy Nardone, Morera Campiglia Magro, Pucci Angeli, Perone Pacifico 3rd Year VII Agricultural industries Land appraisal Hydraulics and irrigation VIII Rural construction Course of student’s choice Information technology practicals IX Work traineeship Course of student’s choice Final examination Carlini Description of individual course objectives and number of credits 2ND YEAR: 4TH TERM AGRICULTURAL MICROBIOLOGY (7 CREDITS) Notions of history of microbiology with reference to the development of research technology. Cell structure, bacteria morphology and main functions. Physiology of microorganisms, metabolic systems and energy production. Viruses: structure and replication. Concepts of bacterial genetics and genetic transformation. AGRICULTURAL MECHANISATION (8 CREDITS) Tractors: types and component systems. Problems of movement and stability of moving machinery. Main machines used for primary and secondary land tillage, for sowing, fertilising, treating and harvesting main field crops. 5TH TERM PRINCIPLES OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY (9 CREDITS) Morphological and functional characteristics of animals and races bred. Notions of animal demography, husbandry and vital statistics, reproduction systems and selection objectives. Principles of nutrition and food composition. Feed production, conservation and preparation. Criteria for formulating rations. PRINCIPLES OF AGRONOMY AND CROP PRODUCTION (12 CREDITS) Features of the crop system: climate and agricultural crops; soil. systemisation and tilling of soil. Irrigation. Organic and mineral fertilisers. Weed control. Crop association and rotation. Principles of morphology and physiology of main herbaceous plants. Autumn-winter crops and spring-summer crops. Principles of morphology and physiology of main vegetable, flower and fruit tree crops. 6TH TERM PRINCIPLES OF PLANT PROTECTION (9 CREDITS) Knowledge of symptoms and causes of disease, factors of predisposition and the biological cycle of pathogens. Identification of main insects damaging to crops. Study of methods of plant protection from disease and phytophages whilst respecting man and the environment. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND POLICY (10 CREDITS) Notions as regards the agricultural enterprise. Enterprise financial balance. Farm planning. European agricultural policy. Instruments of European policy for guaranteeing agriculture, modernising structures and for rural development. Conflict and compatibility of European policy with markets. European policy in the national context for the agricultural sector. Partnerships between the European Union, the Italian state and Italian Regions. 3RD YEAR: 7TH TERM AGRICULTURAL INDUSTRIES (7 CREDITS) The Italian wine industry. Tradition and innovation in oenology. The dairy industry from milk production to finished products. The most recent acquisitions in the restoration of raw materials. The oil industry: tradition and development. The latest extraction techniques and comparison with the traditional methods. Rectification processes for oil and quality of finished products. LAND APPRAISAL (5 CREDITS) The appraisal doctrine and its intrinsic nature. The steps in appraisal: the economic features of a property; the synthetic approach and analytical approach; determination of land rent and of capitalisation rate. Evaluation of land improvements of fruit trees and of farms/firms. Legal appraisal, insured damages, expropriation, inheritance law. Cadastal survey and taxation. HYDRAULICS AND IRRIGATION (8 CREDITS) Notions of hydrostatics and hydrodynamics. Provision of irrigation water. Pumping systems. Design and control of pipelines and channels Water-land relationships. Organisation of irrigation systems or farm irrigation;. Irrigation methods land drainage. Quality of water used for irrigation. Vulnerability of water resources and related pollution. 8TH TERM RURAL CONSTRUCTION (8 CREDITS) Energy balance in agricultural buildings. Preparation for protected crops. Buildings for cattle, pigs, sheep and poultry. Buildings for storage and treatment of waste. Materials and construction techniques. The statics of simple structures (pillars, walls, beams, floors, coverings, etc.) INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY PRACTICALS Knowledge and practice of main writing, spreadsheet and database programmes.