Understanding Culture Culture – the way of life of a people, including their beliefs and practices Cultural landscape – the parts of a people’s environment that they have shaped and the technology they have used to shape it Institution – a custom or organization with social, educational, or religious purposes Section Assessment 1b. What are the most important cultural traits that shape a people’s cultural landscape? The most important cultural traits that shape a people’s cultural landscape are their customs, ideas, and ways of doing things. 1c. If two cultures occupy similar environments, why might their cultural landscapes still differ? Their landscapes might still differ because of the way they have developed and applied technology, or because of their customs. 2a. What was the Agricultural Revolution? The Agricultural Revolution marked a great change in human history when people began growing crops and taming wild animals. They began to depend more on farming for food than hunting and gathering. 2b. What cultural advances followed the Agricultural Revolution? The cultural advances that followed the Agricultural Revolution were rise of population, growth of excess crops, development of writing, and the institution of laws and government.