# Section 7.3 2011 Making Bonds Game

```Grade 9 Academic Science
How Bonds Form Game
Section 7.3
You need the following number of element cards
Element
Number of Cards
Element
Number of Cards
Al
2
Li
3
Br
2
Mg
3
Ca
2
N
1
Cl
3
NOTE
1 card of any ion
2 cards of only &gt;+1 ion
Na
1
F
1
O
4
H
4
NOTE
1 card for acid
P
2
K
2
OH and PO4
1 each
You will be able to make the following compounds
Rules
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
K2O
Mg3P2
CaBr2
NaF
MgCl2
H3PO4
HCl
Al2O3
Li3N
Following instructions on the element card
Complete the element card and determine the charge of the ion
Only ionic bonds (+ bonds -) unless instructed
Only two elements can bond (e.g., hydrogen and chlorine only) unless instructed
You need to locate the correct ratio of ions to bond (e.g., K 2O required two potassium
and one oxygen). You determine the ratio by comparing ionic charges. In this case,
oxygen needs to gain two electrons while potassium has one electron to give.
HINT: Use coloured paper to represent different elements.
Instructions
1. Each student is assigned one element card
2. Rules of the game are provided
3. Students complete the chart on their element card to determine the Ionic Charge
4. Students search the room for students with ions that could bond to their ion according to
the rules on each element card (e.g., potassium looks to bond with oxygen). Student
need to determine the correct ratio of ions to create the compound. As noted, three
students (two potassium and one oxygen) must come together to bond and form
potassium oxide
5. Once “bonded,” students draw a diagram of their compound (i.e., Bohr-Rutherford or
Lewis Dot) and explain the bonding.
6. Debrief with students explaining Ionic Bonds and demonstrate a correct diagram
7. Shuffle and redistribute cards to repeat process to ensure learning
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Potassium
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Neutrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Magnesium
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 1- cannot bond with 1+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Phosphorus
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Electrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Chlorine
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Protons and Neutrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Chlorine
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Neutrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion of
the opposite charge
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Fluorine
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Atomic Mass
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion of
the opposite charge
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Aluminum
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Sodium
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Neutrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion of
the opposite charge
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Bromine
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Neutrons and Protons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Calcium
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Neutrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Oxygen
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Oxygen
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Nitrogen
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Electrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Lithium
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Hydrogen
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Number of Neutrons
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Hydrogen
Use your Periodic Table to fill in the chart
Atomic Number
Atomic Mass
Common state at room temperature
Ionic Charge
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion of
the opposite charge to form an acid
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are a Hydroxide
(OH)From the symbol, what is the Ionic Charge of
hydroxide
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
How Bonds Form
Section 7.3
You are Phosphate
(PO4)3From the symbol, what is the Ionic Charge of
phosphate
You must form an Ionic Bond with another ion
that DOES NOT have the same QUANTITY of
charge as you (e.g. 2- cannot bond with 2+)
AND you want to form an acid.
Once bonded, draw either (1) Bohr-Rutherford
Diagram or (2) Lewis Dot Diagram to show the
bond
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