a network of relatives within which individuals possess certain mutual
rights and obligations.
Rules of Descent: connect individuals w/ sets of kin because of known or
Descent Group: publicly recognized social entity requiring lineal descent from a particular real or mythical ancestor for membership.
Systems of Kinship
NOT a descent group affiliates people of close blood relatives through both sexes. relatives of father and mother equally important. ego centered kindred: persons relating to you by blood.
Only brothers and sisters can have same kindred. western societies and foraging societies
trace kinship through one parent
degrees of relation are traced "upward”
both males and females affiliate kin through the father's side only transmitted only by sons to offspring
Usually found where need to organize male labor
Example: Traditional Chinese
Matrilineal reckon kin of both genders through women only. usually share power with brothers usually found where women’s work important. example: Trobriand Islanders
Clans based on matrilineal decent
Clan leadership passed from sister to brother’s son