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DNA
Protein
Synthesis
RNA
Codon Chart
Everything
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25 1pt
The main shape of DNA is ….
2
Double Helix
3
Where in the cell can you find
DNA?
4
Nucleus
5
What is the complimentary strand
of this DNA strand?
ATCGGAT
6
TAGGCTA
7
What is the sugar found in
DNA?
8
Deoxyribose
9
What determines the traits of an
organism?
10
The sequence of the
nitrogenous bases.
11
Where does transcription
happen in the cell?
12
Nucleus
13
What must happen before DNA
replication can take place?
14
DNA unwinds and the strands are
separated
15
What is the final product from
Transcription?
16
mRNA
17
What do you end up with in
translation?
18
Protein
19
Where does translation
happen in the cell?
20
Ribosome
21
Which process does not involve RNA?
22
Replication
23
Which process results in an RNA
copy of a DNA strand?
24
Transcription
25
What is the sugar found in
RNA?
26
Ribose
27
What is the name of the
nitrogenous base only found in
RNA?
28
Uracil
29
How many codons are needed to
specify 3 amino acids?
30
3
31
Amino acids are joined together to
make ________________.
32
Proteins
33
USE YOUR CODON CHART!
GGA codes for what amino acid?
34
Glycine
35
Use your codon chart!
UCG codes for what amino acid?
36
Serine
37
Use your codon chart!
GAC codes for what amino
acid?
38
Aspartate
39
What are the 3 parts of an
RNA nucleotide?
40
Phosphate
Ribose
Uracil
41
What holds your base
pairs together?
42
Hydrogen bonds
43
Name the 2 enzymes that
are present in DNA
replication.
44
Helicase
DNA Polymerase
45
What is a
mutation?
46
Change in the
DNA sequence
47
Which RNA molecule carries the amino
acids to the ribosome?
48
tRNA
49
Explain the translation
process.
50
During translation, the mRNA strand that was
produced in transcription leaves the nucleus
and travels to the ribosome. tRNA carries
amino acids that pair up with codons on the
mRNA strand. As more amino acids join
together they make up a protein which can
then go to the part of the body where it is
needed. The end product after translation is
complete is a protein. Translation happens in
the RIBOSOME.
51
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