Evolution Worksheet 1) What is evolution? 2) What is Scala Naturae? 3) What is Carolus Linneaus known for? 4) Explain Catastrophism, Gradualism, and Uniformitarianism. 5) Explain use/disuse and acquired characteristics. 6) What is natural selection according to Darwin’s “Origin of Species?” 7) Give some observations of nature. 8) Give the evidence for evolution. 9) Explain homologous structures. 10) Explain Biogeography. 11) Define species, population, and gene pool. 12) T/F The smallest unit that can evolve is an individual. Explain your answer. 13) What is the difference between allele frequency and genotype frequency? 14) What is the Hardy-Weinberg equation? 15) 36% of the population is homozygous recessive. What percent of the population is heterozygous and homozygous dominant? 16) 81% of the population is homozygous dominant. What percent of the population is heterozygous and homozygous recessive? 17) There are 12 organisms. 4 are homozygous dominant, 6 are heterozygous, and 2 are homozygous recessive. What are the genotype frequencies and allele frequencies? (Use AA, Aa, aa) 18) What are the 5 requirements for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium? 19) What are the causes of microevolution? 20) Explain Founder Effect and Bottleneck Effect. 21) What is average heterozygosity and relative fitness. 22) What are the 3 modes of selection? 23) What are the limitations of selection? 24) What are anagenesis and cladogenesis? 25) Give the prezygotic and postzygotic reproductive barriers. 26) What are the modes of speciation? 27) Explain the two types of speciation tempo. 28) What is exaptation and heterochrony?