Final Exam Review Social Studi

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Final Exam Review: World Cultures
Vocabulary Word
acupuncture
anthropologist
aqueduct
aristocrat
artifact
artisan
barter
bazaar
bureaucracy
caravan
cataract
city-state
civilization
clan
colony
conquistador
consul
currency
deity
delta
democracy
dharma
dictator
direct democracy
doctrine
drama
dynasty
economy
Definition
Chinese practice of easing pain by sticking thin needles into
patients' skin.
scientist who studies the physical characteristics and cultures
of humans and their ancestors.
human made channel built to carry water
noble whose wealth came from land.
weapon, tool, or other item made by humans
skilled crafts person
to exchange goods without using money
marketplace
a group of appointed officials who are responsible for different
areas of government.
groups of traveling merchants and animals
steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in a river.
independent state made up of a city and the surrounding land
and villages
complex society with cities, organized government, art,
religion, class divisions, and a writing system
group of families related by blood or marriage
settlement in a new territory that keeps close ties with its
homeland.
Spanish conqueror or soldier in the Americas.
one of the two top government officials in ancient Rome.
system of money
god or goddess
area of fertile soil at the mouth of a river
government in which all citizens share in the running of the
government
In Hinduism, the divine law that requires people to perform
the duties of their caste.
In ancient Rome, a person who ruled with complete power
temporarily during emergencies.
system of government in which people gather at mass
meetings to decide on government matters.
official church teachings
story told by actors who pretend to be characters in a story
line of rulers from a same family
organized way in which people produce, sell, and buy goods
and services.
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embalming
epic
exile
export
fable
filial piety
forum
griot
guru
Hellenistic Era
helot
hierarchy
historian
ideograph
import
inflation
karma
legacy
mandate
matrilineal
minerat
monsoon
mosaic
myth
nomad
oasis
oligarchy
oracle
patrician
Pax Romana
process developed by the ancient Egyptians of preserving a
person's body after death.
long poem that tells about legendary or heroic deeds.
period of forced absence from one's country or home.
to sell goods or products to another country
short tale that teaches a lesson
children's respect for their parents and older relatives, an
important part of Confucian beliefs.
an open space in Rome that served as a market place or public
square.
storyteller
religious teacher and spiritual guide in Hinduism
period when the Greek language and Greek ideas spread to the
non-Greek people of southwest Asia.
person who was conquered and enslaved by the ancient
Spartans.
organization with different levels of authority
person who studies and writes about the human past.
a character that joins two or more pictographs to represent an
idea
to buy from another county
period of rapidly increasing prices; usually goods are more
expensive than they are worth
in Hinduism,the good or bad energy a person builds up based
upon whether he or she has lived a good life.
what a person leaves behind when he or she dies.
formal order
refers to a group that traces descent through mothers rather
than fathers.
tower of a mosque from which the crier calls believes to pray
five times a day
in South Asia, a strong wind that blows one direction in winter
and the opposite in summer.
picture made from tiny bits of colored glass, tile or stone
a traditional story describing gods, heroes, or explaining
natural events.
a person who regularly moves from place to place
green area in a desert fed by underground water
government in which a small group of people holds power
sacred shrine where a priest or priestess spoke for a god or
goddess
wealthy landowner and member of the ruling class in ancient
Rome
long era of peace and safety in the Roman Empire
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peninsula
plebeian
praetor
Quran
raja
reform
representative democracy
republic
satire
social class
stupa
subcontinent
sultan
theocracy
tribute
triumvirate
veto
body of land with water on three sides
member of the common people in ancient Rome.
important government official in ancient Rome.
holy book of Islam
prince who led an Aryan tribe in India
change that tries to bring about improvement
a system of government in which citizens choose a smaller
group to make laws and government decisions on their behalf
form of government in which the leader is not a queen or king
but a person elected by citizens
work that pokes fun at human weaknesses
group of people who share a similar position in society
Buddhist shrine that is shaped like a dome or mound
large landmass that is part of a continent but distinct from it
military and political leader with absolute authority over a
Muslim country
government headed by religious leaders
payment made by one group or nation to another to show
obedience or to obtain peace or protection
in ancient Rome, a three person ruling group
to reject
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