6th Grade Science Semester Exam Study Guide 4. Mercury (p.690




Grade Science Semester Exam Study Guide

4. Mercury (p.690) 10.




Saturn Great Red Spot (p.702) Jupiter (p.690) A planet exploded after being hit by a meteor, 24.


Jupiter’s gravity pulled the pieces apart or never allowed them to come together as a planet. (p.712-713) Comet (p.710-711) Asteroid belt (p.712-713) 32.


It rotates on its side. It’s “tipped over.” (p.705) Meteor (p.711-712) 35.

The sun and all the things that travel around it, comets, asteroids, meteoroids, stars (p.729-733) 36.

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune (p.690) 37.

Geocentric-Earth centered; everything revolves around the Earth, including the sun. Heliocentric-Sun centered; everything travels around the sun. We believe in Heliocentric. (p.690-691) 38.

The idea that the universe started with a giant explosion. (p.742-745) 39.


Venus (p.697) A group of stars, gasses, and dust held together by gravity. (p.740)


Our solar system is located on one of it’s arms. 42.

(p.740) Luna 43.

As it approaches the Sun, it begins to melt. Solar winds cause the tail to point away from the sun as it 44.

orbits. (p.710-711) They have a high density, hard surface, close to the 45.

sun, small in size. (p.690-701) They are in space and form from old broken up 23.


comets. (p.711-712) The entire surface is lit up or reflects the sun. (p.667) The moon moves directly between the sun and the 34.

earth casting a shadow on earth. (p.670) Revolution 1.

Liquid/gas 2.

Water 3.

Tides 6.

Energy (p.524) 9.

The distance between wave crests or lengths (p.628-629) 11.

Youngest/newest (p.276-286, 544) 12.

Water vapor from volcanic eruptions that condensed and fell as rain in collected basins. 13.


Sodium and chloride (p.62) In a circle (p.524) 20.


The lowest part of the wave (p.524) The horizontal distance between crests (p.524)


Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere (p.428-430) 8.

Coriolis effect/earth’s rotation (p.440) 22.


It can lead to skin cancer (p.432) Cold air mass/warm air mass (p.463-464) 26.

Warm, less dense air rises and cool, more dense air sinks. (p.439-443) 27.


Radiation (p.628-629) **See picture** 5.

A. similar fossil evidence B. continental (puzzle-like) fit C. Matching glacier grooves on different continents D. rock/mountain clues 18.

*Divergent: Rift valley, mid-ocean ridges, volcanic mountains Mid-Ocean Ridge *Convergent: Trench, volcanic mountains, non-volcanic mountians Himalaya Mountains, Andes Mountains *Transform: Faults, & earthquakes San Andres Fault in California (p.282-287) 19.

The more dense oceanic crust dives beneath the less dense continental crust into the mantle (p.282, 545) 21.


Data from seismic waves Focus/epicenter (p.304-308)