paragraph and annotated bib

For the Teacher
This pathfinder was created specifically for eighth grade Georgia History students. It
covers the GPS SS8H5, which states that the student will explain significant factors that affected
the development of Georgia as part of the growth of the United States between 1789 and 1840.
We chose element SS8H5 d., which states that students will analyze the events that led to the
removal of Creeks and Cherokees; include the roles of Alexander McGillivray, William
McIntosh, Sequoyah, John Ross, Dahlonega Gold Rush, Worcester v. Georgia, Andrew Jackson,
John Marshall, and the Trail of Tears. We chose to focus specifically on two parts of that
element: Dahlonega Gold Rush and the Trail of Tears.
This pathfinder can be used as guide for students to find more information about those
two specific topics, and it includes many reference sources such as almanacs, encyclopedias,
nonfiction books, Web sites, DVDs, videos, newspapers, atlases, directories, indexes, fiction,
journals, book reviews, online newspapers, and images. Students can use this pathfinder as a
starting point in their quest for information about the Dahlonega Gold Rush and the Trail of
Sears subject headings for these two topics include Trail of Tears, 1838-1839, Cherokee
Indians, Georgia Gold Rush, Native Americans -- Southern States – History, Indians of the
southeast, Alexander McGillivray, William McIntosh, Sequoyah, John Ross, Dahlonega Gold
Rush, Worcester v. Georgia, Andrew Jackson, and John Marshall. Dewey decimal numbers for
these topics include 917.604, 973, 975, 975.8, and 976.6.
Annotated References
About North Georgia. (2006). The trail of tears [Map]. Retrieved from
Comprehensive resource about North Georgia and its history. Includes extensive coverage and a
map of Trail of Tears route.
Beherman, C. H. (2003). Andrew Jackson. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publications.
Print biography
Bjornlund, L. (2010). The Trail of Tears : the relocation of the Cherokee Nation. Detroit:
Lucent Books.
Print resource about the Trail of Tears
Boney, F. N. (1994). Reviews of books: United States. American Historical Review, 99(4), 1391.
Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Boney is a prolific author of books about Georgia and Georgia history.
Bruchac, J. (2001). The Journal of Jesse Smoke : A Cherokee Boy, Trail of Tears, 1838.
New York: Scholastic.
Historical fiction account of the Trail of Tears told through the eyes of a 16-year-ol Cherokee
boy (One of the My Name is America series)
Carlisle, G. (1999). America's First Major Gold Rush Took Place on the Georgia Frontier and
Featured. Wild West, 12(4), 18. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Article about miners and gold mining in Georgia
Cherokee Nation. (2011). Trail of Tears. Retrieved from
The official site of the Cherokee Nation
Ciment, J. (1996). Scholastic Encyclopedia of the North American Indian. New York:
Print encyclopedia article about N. American Indians
Conley, R. J. (1992). Mountain Windsong: A Novel of the Trail of Tears. Norman, OK:
University of Oklahoma Press.
Historical fiction based on the Trail of Tears
Crystalinks. (2011). The Trail of Tears. Retrieved from
Recounts the timeline of the Trail of Tears; includes images of influential people (Major Ridge,
Chief John Ross)
Digital Library of Georgia. (2011). Thar’s gold in them thar hills: gold and gold mining in
Georgia, 1830s-1940s. Retrieved October 1, 2011, from
Index contains links to military orders for the removal of the Cherokees from Georgia a
newspaper article from 1829 in the Cherokee Phoenix, multiple images and photos of original
Drye, W. (2006). Dig adds to Cherokee trail of tears history. National Geographic. Retrieved
Archaeologists have uncovered new information about the daily lives of the displaced Indians.
Dystar Televison for GPTV. (1996). Georgia stories ii/program 05: the westward movement,
part 1 [Videorecording].
(Video analyzes the relationships among the discovery of gold, the increase of settlements, and
the expulsion of the Native Americans from north Georgia.)
Garrison, T.A. (2004). “Cherokee Removal” New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved from
Online encyclopedia article with images of key players in the removal
Gedney, M. (1996). Living on the Unicoi road, Helen's pioneer century and tales from the
Georgia gold rush. Marietta, GA: Little Star Press.
Historical fiction about gold mining near Helen, GA. Link about this book:
Georgia Historic Newspapers. (2011). Retrieved from
Online searchable newspaper archive
Hodler, T.W. and Schretter, H. A. (1986). The atlas of Georgia. Athens, GA: Institute of
Community and Area Development, University of Georgia.
Print historical atlas of Georgia
Jackson, E. L. & Stakes, M. E. (1992). The Georgia studies book. Athens, GA: University of
Georgia Carl Vinson Institute of Government.
GA History text book that was formerly used in 8th grade GA History classrooms
Janssen, S. (Ed.). (2010). The world almanac and book of facts 2011. New York: World
Almanac Books.
Almanac contains various facts about Georgia, the gold rush, Cherokees, etc.
Lester, C. N. (2007-2011). An illustrated history of the Georgia gold rush and the United States
branch mint at Dahlonega, Georgia. Gold Rush Gallery, Inc.
Retrieved from
History and excellent images (most are black and white) of the Georgia gold mining industry.
Information about the United States Branch Mint in Dahlonega
Lindneux, R. (1942). Trail of Tears, The. [Painting]. In Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved from
Compelling color painting rendition of how the Trail of Tears might have looked
Locke, D. (1992, Dec 27). A could-have-been story from the trail of tears. Milwaukee Journal,
pp. E.9-E.9. Retrieved from
Book review of the historical fiction novel Mountain Windsong: A novel of the trail of tears, by
Robert Conley
Murphy Entertainment Group (Producer). (2000). Native America: Removal. [Full Video].
Available from
Video streaming from Discovery Education
National Park Service. (2011). ParkNet. Map2: Cherokee Removal Routes. Retrieved from
Comprehensive readings and questions about this topic; Map
Netscape. (2011). Dmoz: open directory project. Sequoya. Retrieved October 2, 2011, from
Directory of online resources for kids and teens with several links to articles about Sequoya
Ross, John. (2011). [Photograph]. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from
Photo of Chief John Ross
Smith, D. B. (2006). The trail of tears [DVD].
DVD describing and explaining the Trail of Tears and its causes
Schlessinger Media. (2003). Expansionism [DVD].
Overview of the ramifications of the western movement and territorial expansionism at the
expense of the Native Americans
31(4), 289. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
Offers a new look at actual numbers of those who lost their lives as a result of the relocation.
Trail of Tears. ( 2011). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from
Online encyclopedia article
Voa news: America's first gold rush. (2007, Jul 05). US Fed News Service, Including US State
News, pp. n/a. Retrieved from
Article about the Georgia Gold Rush
Western Australia Depeartment of Education. (2011). Resourcing the curriculum: Developing
pathfinders in schools. Retrieved from
Pathfinder ideas and templates from Australia
Williams, D. (1993). The Georgia gold rush: twenty-niners, Cherokees, and gold fever.
(pp. 96-118). Retrieved from –v=onepage&q&f=false
Preview of a print source with pictures and drawings of the mines and descriptions of the work
done in the mines.
Williams, D. (2003). Gold Rush. New Georgia Encyclopedia. (2011). Retrieved from
Online encyclopedia article
Wool, J. (March 22, 1837). Southeaster Native American Documents, 1730-1842. Document:
CHO78. Retrieved from
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