Discourse Analysis We have being doing discourse analysis from day one! It involves analysing the use of language as a whole, asking ourselves WHY certain language is used, what effect it has on the audience / function etc… When looking at analysing discourse, ask any of the following questions…which we have been doing gradually- tick the ones that are familiar: What elements are present in the discourse? [expression, content, function, context, audience] What mode is used? What effect does it have? What style has been used? Is it appropriate? Given that there are many ways to express the same idea, why has the author or speaker chosen those particular expressions? Why are certain word structures used? How does it affect the function of the text? What effect do certain syntactical structures have on the message, audience and function? What does the language used tell us about the context- the social situation surrounding the author and audience? What does the text tell us about the author? Personality, background and thinking? Has the author or speaker altered their lexical choices according for a particular audience? Why? How is the text structured overall and why? [ visual layout, order of ideas] Why has the author chosen to organise or structure the text this way? Does the text fit together? Why? Why not? Is the register appropriate? Why? Why not? Does the author or speaker use language with a specific function in mind? (or specific purpose of the text) What is the overall meaning of the text? How has that been made?