Chapter 21 Quiz Learning Targets I can explain why there is essentially no waste in the natural world. I can define solid waste. I can provide examples of industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste (MSW). I can compare what happens to solid waste in developed countries versus less developed countries. I can define hazardous wastes and provide examples. I can list the various classes of hazardous waste. I can explain the purpose of waste management, waste reduction, and integrated waste management. I can explain waste reduction in terms of the Four Rs: refuse, reduce, reuse, recycle. I can explain recycling by means of composting. I can outline the six strategies to reduce resource use, waste, and pollution. I can list the ways to Reuse. I can distinguish between primary, closed-loop recycling and secondary recycling. I can list the two types of wastes that can be recycled. I can list the three steps of recycling. I can identify the various practical uses of composting. I can explain the role of Materials-recovery facilities (MRFs). I can compare the usage of production paper vs recycled paper. I can identify what makes up plastic. I can explain why less than 10% of plastic is recycled. I can list the advantages and disadvantages of recycling. I can explain the processing that takes place using waste-to-energy incinerators. I can distinguish between a sanitary landfill and an open dump. I can list the advantages and disadvantages of using sanitary landfills. I can outline the three main steps involved in an Integrated Hazard Waste Management system. I can identify the location of the disposal of e-wastes and the problems associated with it. I can explain the ways to detoxify hazardous wastes. I can explain the ways to store hazardous wastes through deep-well disposal, surface impoundments, and secure hazardous waste landfills. I can list the advantages and disadvantages of deep-well disposal. I can list the advantages and disadvantages of surface impoundments. I can define and explain the importance of establishing environmental justice. I can identify the communities in the U.S. that have the largest share of hazardous waste dumps. I can list the factors that hinder reuse and recycling. I can outline economic opportunities that can come from reusing, recycling, and composting. I can list ways we can make a transition to become a low-waste society.