Evidence _ Theory of Evolution Quiz

Evolution: Evidence & Theory Quiz
Follow all written directions!!! Select the BEST answer for each Multiple Choice
question, and enter the corresponding letter on your Scantron form. Do Not Write on
the Quiz!!! Each question is worth 1 point each (20 total).
Biogeography is:
a) a trace of a long-dead organism
b) Darwin’s 1st theory
c) the study of the distribution of fossils and living organisms
d) the study of how acquired traits may be passed to offspring
A fossil is:
a) a living organism
b) a layer of rock or soil
c) a man-made artifact
d) a trace of a long-dead organism
Fossils are found in many forms. The type of fossil in which an organism is
trapped in hardened tree sap is called a(n) ____________ fossil.
a) mold
c) amber
b) cast
d) ice
The Law of Superposition states that:
a) there have been several mass extinctions throughout Earth’s history
b) successive layers of rock or soil are deposited on top of one another
c) a fossil’s absolute age can be determined by radioactive dating
d) new life forms are really modified versions of older ones
A layer of rock or soil is also known as a(n):
a) stratum
c) fossil
b) mold
d) cast
Scientists compare unknown fossils to those in other strata to determine their:
a) absolute age
c) origin
b) relative age
d) species
Scientists use radioactive dating to determine a fossil’s:
a) absolute age
c) origin
b) relative age
d) species
Mass Extinctions:
a) have occurred several times through Earth’s history
b) occur in a relatively brief period of time
c) are usually a result of sudden changes in the environment
d) all of the above
9-11) Matching: Match each type of structure with its description or example
9) Analogous Structure
10) Homologous Structures
11) Vestigial Structures
a) structures that are no longer
useful in modern organisms
b) structures that may look very
similar but perform different
c) structures that look differently, but
may perform similar functions
The type of evolution which focuses on the change of populations of organisms
over time is called:
a) Darwinian Evolution
c) Lamarckian Evolution
b) Biological Evolution
d) Fossil Evolution
Which of the following is an example of an acquired trait?
a) brown fur
c) playing an instrument
b) claws
d) blood type
“Organisms that are best suited to their environment will reproduce more
successfully” is the theory of:
a) Law of Superposition
c) Biogeography
c) Artificial Selection
d) Natural Selection
Darwin’s theory of Descent with Modification states:
a) there have been several mass extinctions throughout Earth’s history
b) newer forms appearing in the fossil record are actually modified
descendants of older species
c) those members better equipped to survive harsh conditions will produce
more offspring
d) over time, the number of organisms with favorable traits will increase
within a population
The types of traits that are considered “favorable” within a species is mostly
dependent on:
a) their preferences
c) acquired traits
b) artificial selection
d) their environment
When a harmless species evolves to resemble a dangerous one, it is called:
a) mimicry
c) Divergent Evolution
b) camouflage
d) Lamarckian Evolution
18-20) Matching: Match each pattern of evolution with its appropriate description or
18) Divergent Evolution
19) Coevolution
20) Convergent Evolution
a) the evolution of 2 or more
species in close association
b) occurs when the environment
selects the phenotype
c) when 2 related species
become more dissimilar