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```CGC 1DI – Unit I Test Content…
Mr. Kemperman
Complete/know the following thoroughly and carefully and you’ll be in a good
position to do well on the test. Good luck 
1. ‘Cartographic Essentials’ (what do the items in LOST stand for? Know your labelling and
colouring/shading rules)
2. ‘Types of Maps’ (list the 3 types of maps, name 3 key characteristics of each type of map)
3. ‘Map Projections’ (What is a map projection and why is it necessary? Identify advantages and
disadvantages of a Mercator and of a Winkel Tripel Projection. What’s the advantage of an
equal area projection?)
4. ‘Alphanumeric Grid’ (What type of map uses this type of grid? Practice identifying bearings
from one location to another – ex. N, SE, W, SW etc. How are distances between 2 points
determined on a road map?)
5. ‘Latitude and Longitude/Review’ (What are the 2 main meridians of longitude and their degrees?
What are the 5 main parallels of latitude and their degrees? Practice labelling all key lines on a
globe. Define ‘absolute location”)
6. ‘Canada’s Location in the World’ (Describe the conditions found at the Equator, in the ‘Tropics’
and in the ‘Polar Zone’ . What part of Canada sees the sun first? What direction does the sun
travel? Describe the conditions found in a ‘temperate zone’)
7. ‘Using the Atlas to Read Latitude and Longitude’ (How are lines of latitude and longitude
measured? Be able to use latitude and longitude to locate points on a map. **always list the
latitude (N or S) first and the longitude (E or W) last**
8. ‘Canada’s Time Zone Map’ (Be able to label the map. Practice converting times from one time
zone to another within Canada. What is unique about Newfoundland’s time zone? If a plane
leaves Vancouver at 10:00 am on a 5 hour flight to Montreal, what time will it land in Montreal
local time? )
9. ‘Time Zones’ (Review the content of the paragraph that explains the origin and history of time
zones)
10. ‘Map Scale’ (What is the purpose of a map’s scale? List the 3 types of map scales and
practice using each one. Practice converting from a Representative Fraction to a Direct
Statement - ***move the decimal 5 places to the left***)
11. ‘ Scale’ ( A large scale map shows a ___________ area but ____________ detail. A small
scale map shows a _______________ area but _________________ detail. Provide an
example of a large scale and a small scale map)
12. ‘Types of Map Scales’ (be prepared to accurately measure distances using all 3 types of map
scales)
13. ‘Topographic Maps – Elevation/ Interpreting Topographic Maps: Contours’ (How is land
elevation shown on a topographic map?
14. ‘Exercises in Contour Lines’ (What information do contour lines provide? What is meant by
‘contour interval’? Be able to use a topographic map to determine flat areas, hilly areas, rolling
landscapes and rivers. Be able to identify the elevation of specific points on a topographic map.
Be able to sketch a topographic map’s profile)
15. ‘Topographic Maps/ Grid Systems: Military Grid’ (Define ‘topographic map, relief, and contours’,
Be able to identify individual grid squares using a 4 point grid reference and specific points using
a 6 point grid reference).
Questions? Ask me well before our test date 
Prepare for the test by using and practicing with this review and you’ll be ready 
```