Soil and Environment 0634430

Department Land, Water and Environment
Soil and Environment (0634430)
Professor T.M. Abu-Sharar
[email protected]
Soil and Environment is an upper division course that intends to enable senior students of the
Department of Land, Water and Environment to integrate academic knowledge into an overall
know-how skills of preventing soil contamination, managing contaminated soils, reducing
contaminant emission from polluted soils and remediation of contaminated or degraded soils.
Nature of soil-contaminants and soil-contaminating chemicals and biological materials are
essential components of this course. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of this course,
students are requested to participate in data generation in the form of term papers. Grades will be
distributed on exams, term papers and other forms of active participation.
Course Content:
1- Definitions of soil (pedological, edaphological and environmental perspectives), ecology
and environment.
2- Major soil processes of special interest to environment:
 Microbiological processes: Decomposition of organic substances.
Nitrogen transformations. Oxidation reduction reactions of sulfur and
other multivalent ions.
 Chemical processes: Precipitation and dissolution reactions.
Adsorption-desorption processes. Ion exchange.
 Physical processes: Infiltration of water. Transportation of water under
saturated and unsaturated conditions. Solute transportation. Heat
absorption, radiation and diffusion.
3- Sources of soil pollution (anthropogenic, agricultural and industrial wastes).
4- Nature of pollutants emission from soil to adjacent atmo-, litho- and hydro-spheres:
Chemicals and radiochemical materials and energy.
5- Remediation of contaminated soils.
6- Bioremediation of contaminated soils.
7- Term papers presentations.
Three one-hour meetings every week.
All handouts, term papers and suggested websites.
Grade Distribution:
1- Two Term Exams (15% each)
2- Term Paper (20%)
3- Final Exam (50%)
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