Name _______________________ GENETICS AND HEREDITY UNIT OBJECTIVES 1. The listed, CORRECTLY SPELLED vocabulary words will be used throughout this unit. LIST A 1 genetics 2 heredity 3 cell 4 nucleus 5 cell cycle 6 mitosis 7 chromosomes 8 sperm and egg 9 zygote 10 meiosis 11 chromatid 12 DNA 13 mutation LIST B 14 sex linked gene 15 alleles 16 recessive allele 17 dominant allele 18 Gregor Mendel 19 probability 20 Punnett square 21 homozygous 22 heterozygous 23 genotype 24 phenotype 25 pedigree 26 co-dominance LIST C 27 replication 28 messenger RNA 29 transfer RNA 30 ribosome 31 gene 32 sex-linked genes 33 mutation 34 amino acid 35 protein 36 nitrogen bases 37 cloning 38 stem cell 39 genetic engineering 2. Explain what mitosis and meiosis are and where in the body and for what purposes these cells processes happen. 3. Describe the differences and similarities between a body cell and a sex cell (sperm and egg). 4. Using a Punnett square, determine the probability of an offspring inheriting a trait. 5. Understand the difference between genotype and phenotype. (Sesame Street Genetic; Reebops) 6. Identify possible genotype of organisms (both real and imaginary) by examining their phenotypes. 7. Explain the relationship among these: chromosome, DNA, chromatid, gene, nucleotide, and nitrogen bases. 8. Describe the structure of the DNA molecule. 9. Label a diagram of an unraveling chromosome with these labels: DNA, chromosome, gene, and allele. 10. Demonstrate a basic understanding of protein synthesis by constructing a portion of a DNA molecule (gene) that codes for a specific human protein. 11. Explain why genes come in pairs. 12. Explain that the genetic code is carried by 4 different nitrogen bases within the structure of DNA’s “ladder” shape. 13. Show how DNA sends the genetic code to RNA to assemble amino acids into proteins. The above objectives will be covered on quizzes and graded activities: Quiz 1 will cover Objectives 1 (Vocabulary List A), 2, and 3. Quiz 2 will cover Objectives 1 (Vocabulary List B), 4,5,6,7,8, and 9. Quiz 3 will cover Objectives 1 (Vocabulary List C), 10,11,12, and 13. Projects include Sesame Street Genetics, REEBOPS, and Beasties (more to come).