LKS2 Topic Title: The Romans in Britain Block I: Roman Legacy Session 5 Roads and towns National Geography: To name and locate cities of the UK; To describe and understand key aspects of human geography including types of settlement and land use. Curriculum Teaching To name and locate Roman towns and cities in the UK and to consider why they were chosen as settlement sites. Objectives National History: Ask historically valid questions and construct responses based on relevant historical information. Curriculum Teaching To consider why the Romans chose certain locations for their towns and cities. Objectives Resources Weblinks Map of UK with Roman cities and roads marked; Map of UK, including major cities; Task sheet; List of Roman names for some European cities; Historical and current Western Europe maps. Whole class: You need: a large road map of the UK Do chn know if there is any local evidence that the Romans were here in our area? Talk about what evidence we might find all over the empire – ruins of walls, forts, villas, amphitheatres, aqueducts, bridges, roads, etc. If chn have seen any, discuss these. Show chn a large road map of the UK. Identify the location of your school and the capital cities of each country, London, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Belfast. Then look for Roman cities and identify these on the map: Lincoln, Colchester, Bath, York, Chester, Cirencester, Exeter, Dover, and Winchester – in fact all the places with ‘chester’ in their name and many others. Many of our cities were Roman cities. In all these places, there are Roman remains, walls, bridges, buildings, etc. Have any of you been to any of these places? Look at some of the roads (not motorways – they are new). Some of the old roads were built over old Roman roads, e.g. A2 London-Dover, A5 London-Holyhead. If you look at a map of your area it may be the case that many of the straight parts of roads were built on old Roman roads. The chn will make old Roman maps today. Why do you think the Romans chose these locations to build towns and cities? (Access to sea/ rivers/ resources, ability to defend the surrounding areas.) The Romans wanted to make communications easy between different places in the country, and they knew that the only way for people to communicate was by travelling between places. There were no phones, no trains, no telegraphs, and no electrical or virtual communications. If someone in Colchester wanted to communicate with someone in Bristol, they either had to travel to see them or they had to send a messenger who had to travel. This was why it was very important to the Romans that the roads were straight (they went the most direct way) and also that they were well made and quick to travel on. This meant that, if necessary, an army could march from one city to another to defend it. Activity for all children Chn look at a map of the UK with Roman roads and cities marked on it (session resources). They choose one to research and use the internet or books to find out all about their chosen road or city. They record their results in a table (session resources). Plenary Outcomes Look at a map of western Europe in Roman times and compare it with a map of western Europe today. Identify all the countries that were in the Roman Empire. Look at some of the city names; some of these were also famous Roman cities, though they may have had different names. Compare the Roman and current names for some major cities (session resources). The Romans built roads and cities all over their empire (Europe and beyond). Choose one city and discuss as a class why you think they chose to build a city there. Children will Identify capital cities and school location on map of UK Identify towns and cities in Britain that were old Roman cities Discuss why some sites might have been chosen as a place to settle Understand why the Romans built good straight roads © Original resource copyright Hamilton Trust, who give permission for it to be adapted as wished by individual users. We refer you to our warning, at the foot of the block overview, about links to other websites.