Chapter 5 part 1 study guide answers 1. red marrow is for producing

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Chapter 5 part 1 study guide answers
1. red marrow is for producing red blood
cells, mostly found in children (and in
adult flat bones)
yellow marrow is for fat storage
2. Calcium and Phosphorus
3. long bones-arms, legs, fingers, toes
short-wrists, ankles
flat- skull
irregular-hip, coxal, vertebrae
4. Sharpey's fibers
5. height or length (appositional growth for
diameter)
6. spongy- composed of small needle like
pieces of bone and open space
compact- dense, looks smooth and
homogenous
7. canaliculi
8. fossa- indentions in the bone AT articular
surfaces
fissure- narrow, slit like opening
foramen- round opening through a bone
9. blood vessels and nerves
10. lacunae
11. PTH parathyroid hormone
stresses (i.e. muscles pulling on bones)
12. 1) hematoma (blood swelling)
2) break is splinted by fibrocartilage
callus
3) bony callus is formed
-fibrocartilage is gradually replaced
by spongy bone
4)bone remodeling
13. simple-clean break
compound- bone is visible on the
outside
comminuted- bone is in fragments
compression- bone is crushed
greenstick- incomplete break
14. blood cell formation
15. diaphysis- long shaft of a long bone
(MIDDLE)
epiphysis- end of long bones
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