Case Study, Chapter 24, Structure and Function of the Kidney A high school football player has sustained a horrific blow to the back during Friday night’s game. On Sunday, he noticed that his urine was darker than usual and he was having extreme pain in his right flank area. (Learning Objectives: 1, 2, and 12) 1. What does the nurse suspect and why? 2. What are some of the normal functions of the kidney? Give a brief explanation of each. 3. What diagnostic testing would be helpful to determine renal function or dysfunction? Several days later, the client develops generalized edema. 4. What would the nurse anticipate finding in his urine? Why?