U10: Genetics and Meiosis: Vocabulary and

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Biology Chapter 11: Genetics and Meieosis
Vocabulary and Learning Targets
1. I can describe Mendel’s experiments with pea plants and his principle of dominance.
2. I can identify the basic reproductive structures of a flower and explain their purpose.
3. I can explain how genes for different traits can be distributed independently of each other
according to Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment.
4. I can explain how alleles are equally distributed into gametes according to Mendel’s Law of
Segregation.
5. I can use a Punnett square to predict phenotype and genotype of offspring for a monohybrid
cross and a dihybrid cross.
6. I can solve genetic problems involving complex inheritance: incomplete dominance, codominance, polygenic traits, multiple alleles.
7. I can summarize the purpose and events of meiosis.
8. I can contrast the chromosome number of body cells and gametes.
9. I can compare the purpose and events of mitosis and meiosis.
10. I can explain how a gene map is produced and used.
Vocabulary:
allele
diploid
recessive
phenotype
somatic cell
crossing over
autosome
stamen/filament
fertilization
gene
haploid
homozygous
genetics
probability
polygenic
trait
gamete
heterozygous
true-breeding
fertilization
gene map
heredity
homologous pairs
dominant
genotype
hybrid
tetrad
ovule
sepal
ovary
carpel
stigma/style
petal
meiosis
anther
pollen tube
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