bio 110 sm 2015 67163 final exam q 150722.2

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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
General Biology
1.
The sum of all Earth's ecosystems is called the __________.
a.
stratosphere
b.
lithosphere
c.
biosphere
d.
hydrosphere
e.
troposphere
2.
The specific place in which an organism lives is its _____.
a.
ecosystem
b.
biome
c.
habitat
d.
community
e.
environment
3.
What is the ultimate source of energy for nearly all surface terrestrial and shallow water
ecosystems?
a.
sunlight
b.
wind
c.
organic compounds
d.
water
e.
hydrothermal vents
4.
Which of these types of organisms produce the biosphere's food supply?
a.
autotrophs
b.
consumers
c.
heterotrophs
d.
prokaryotes
5.
.
All living things come from…
a.
Asexual Reproduction
b.
Too Much Sexual Reproduction
c.
Plants And Their Decay
d.
Protists
e.
Fungi
ab. Outer Space
ac. Volcano’s
ad. Other Living Things
ae. Dead Stuff
6.
What is the molecular commonality that is the basis of life's variety?
a. protein
b. DNA
c. the ecosystem
d. natural selection
e. mutation
Page 1 of 19
Document1
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
7.
Which of the following properties or processes do we associate with living things?
A) evolutionary adaptations
B) energy processing
C) responding to the environment
D) growth and reproduction
E) all of the above
8.
Which of the following sequences represents the hierarchy of biological organization from the
least to the most complex level?
A) organelle, tissue, biosphere, ecosystem, population, organism
B) cell, community, population, organ system, molecule, organelle
C) organism, community, biosphere, molecule, tissue, organ
D) ecosystem, cell, population, tissue, organism, organ system
E) molecule, cell, organ system, population, ecosystem, biosphere
9.
Which of the following sequences represents the hierarchy of biological organization from the
most to the least complex level?
A) organelle, cell, organ system, population, community, ecosystem
B) ecosystem, community, organism, tissue, cell, organelle
C) biosphere, population, organism, cell, tissue, molecule
D) biosphere, community, tissue, organ system, molecule, organelle
E) organism, population, organ system, tissue, molecule, cell
10.
What is a localized group of organisms that belong to the same species?
A) biosystem
B) community
C) population
D) ecosystem
E) organ system
11.
A maple leaf is at which level in the hierarchy of biological organization?
A) tissue
B) cell
C) organelle
D) organ
E) organ system
Page 2 of 19
Document1
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
Session:
Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Chemistry
Match the term with its corresponding symbol
#
TERM
12.
__
Carbon Dioxide
13.
__
Oxygen
14.
__
Phosphate
15.
__
Potassium
16.
There are _____ naturally occurring elements.
a. 92
b. 45
c. 25
d. 108
CODE
A
B
C
D
E
AB
AC
AD
AE
BC
BD
BE
CD
CE
DE
SYMBOL
C
C6 H12 O6
Ca
Cl
CO2
Cu
H2
K
Mg
N2
Na
O2
PO3
S2
Si
17.
A substance that cannot be broken down into other substances by ordinary chemical procedures
is a(n) _____.
a. molecule
b. element
c. compound
d. buffer
e. cell
Page 3 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
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FINAL EXAM
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Cell Reproduction
A
B
C
D
E
AB
Referring to the micrographs of cell division above, match the appropriate name of the phase listed
below.
18.
____ metaphase
19.
____ telophase
20.
____ interphase
SEX, GENETICS and INHERITANCE
21.
The human X and Y chromosomes are
A) both present in every somatic cell of males and females alike.
B) of approximately equal size.
C) almost entirely homologous, despite their different names.
D) called "sex chromosomes" because they determine an individual's sex
Page 4 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
22.
Which of these statements is false?
A) In humans, each of the 22 maternal autosomes has a homologous paternal chromosome.
B) In humans, the 23rd pair, the sex chromosomes, determines whether the person is female (XX) or
male (XY).
C) Single, haploid (n) sets of chromosomes in ovum and sperm unite during fertilization, forming a diploid
(2n), single-celled zygote.
D) At sexual maturity, ovaries and testes produce diploid gametes by meiosis.
E) Sexual life cycles differ with respect to the relative timing of meiosis and fertilization.
23.
In animals, meiosis results in gametes, and fertilization results in
A) spores.
B) gametophytes.
C) zygotes.
D) sporophytes.
E) clones
24.
A fruit is most commonly
A) a mature ovary.
B) a thickened style.
C) an enlarged ovule.
D) a modified root.
E) a mature female gametophyte.
25.
P = purple, pp = white. The offspring of a cross between two heterozygous purple-flowering
plants (Pp × Pp) results in
A) all purple-flowered plants.
B) purple-flowered plants and white-flowered plants.
C) two types of white-flowered plants: PP and Pp.
D) all white-flowered plants.
E) all pink-flowered plants.
26.
A woman has six sons. The chance that her next child will be a daughter is
A) 1.
B) 0.
C) 1/2.
D) 1/6.
E) 5/6.
27.
Most copies of harmful recessive alleles in a sexual species are carried by individuals that are
A) haploid.
B) polymorphic.
C) homozygous for the allele.
D) heterozygous for the allele.
E) B and C
Page 5 of 19
Document1
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
Session:
Section:
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Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Use the following options to answer the following questions. For each description of reproductive
isolation, select the option that best describes it. Options may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
gametic
temporal
behavioral
habitat
mechanical
28.
14) two species of orchids with different floral anatomy
29.
15) two species of trout that breed in different seasons
30.
16) two species of meadowlarks with different mating songs
31.
17) two species of garter snakes live in the same region, but one lives in water and the other
lives on land
Mitosis and Meiosis
Fill in the following check list of comparisons. Place a check mark in the appropriate column. Mark one or
both A and B for each attribute or Mark C if the attribute is not applicable.
Mitosis
A
32.
DNA replicates
33.
Produces gametes
34.
Produces identical daughter cells
Meiosis
B
Neither
C
35.
Has two sets of prophase, meta phase and
anaphase
36.
In humans, the process produces cells with 23
chromosomes
37.
New cells are different from each other
38.
Occurs in plant and animal cells
39.
Unique to teste and ovary (sex) cells
40.
Most of an organism's DNA is carried by its _____.
a.
chromosomes
b.
endoplasmic reticulum
c.
mitochondria
d.
ribosomes
e.
nucleoli
Page 6 of 19
Document1
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
41.
The function of the cell cycle is to produce daughter cells that _____.
a.
are genetically identical to the parent cell (assuming no mutation has occurred)
b.
have the same number of chromatids as the parent cell had chromosomes
c.
have a random assortment of maternal and paternal chromosomes
d.
have the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell but not the same genetic
content
e.
none of the above
42.
How many pairs of autosomes do humans have?
a.
2
b.
It depends on the sex of the individual.
c.
23
d.
22
e.
1
43.
Why is crossing over important?
a.
It holds tetrads together.
b.
It allows the exchange of genes between homologous chromosomes.
c.
It prevents variation in gametes.
d.
It ensures that homologous chromosomes pair.
e.
It is necessary for the attachment of chromosomes to the spindle.
44.
In a cross between two heterozygotes (Aa), the next generation will be _____.
a.
in the ratio 1:3 heterozygotes to homozygotes
b.
all heterozygotes
c.
in the ratio 1:1 homozygotes to heterozygotes
d.
all homozygotes
e.
in the ratio 1:3 homozygotes to heterozygotes
f.
Members of the same population _____.
a.
share a common gene pool
b.
cannot interbreed under natural conditions
c.
share the same genotype
d.
are in reproductive isolation from one another
e.
none of the above
45.
DNA
46.
Natural selection is sometimes described as survival of the fittest. Which of the following
most accurately measures an organism's Darwinian fitness?
a.
how strong it is when pitted against others of its species
b.
its mutation rate
c.
how many fertile offspring it produces
d.
its ability to withstand environmental extremes
e.
how much food it is able to make or obtain
ab binomial nomenclature
ac. periodic table
Page 7 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
47.
Which one of the following lists the four bases contained in DNA?
a.
cytosine, guanine, thymine, uracil
b.
adenine, guanine, uracil, thymine
c.
guanine, pyroline, thymine, uracil
d.
adenine, guanine, purine, thymine
e.
adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine
48.
The information in DNA is contained in _____.
a. the variation in the structure of nucleotides that make up the DNA molecule
b.
the type of sugars used in making the DNA molecule
c.
the sequence of amino acids that make up the DNA molecule
d.
the sequence of nucleotides along the length of one strand of the DNA molecule
e.
all of these
49.
During the replication of DNA molecules _____.
a.
both strands of a molecule act as templates
b.
the reaction is catalyzed by RNA polymerase
c.
errors never occur
d.
only one strand of the molecule acts as a template
e.
the cell undergoes mitosis
50.
A gene is usually _____.
a.
the same thing as a chromosome
b.
the information for making a polypeptide
c.
made of RNA
d.
made by a ribosome
e.
made of protein
51.
Genetic mutations _____.
a.
can occur naturally
b.
are most common in body parts that are not used very often
c.
are most common in body parts that are used frequently
d.
are mainly caused by diseases associated with fetal development
e.
are always passed on to the next generation
Page 8 of 19
Document1
Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Section:
Class Location:
Days / Time:
Instructor:
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Taxonomy
Match the TERM with its exclusive definition / description. 1 Term per definition
Definition / Characteristic
CODE
52.
All prokaryote cells utilize _____ for hereditary information.
53.
Which group within the domain Eukarya represents organisms
that are generally single-celled?
54.
Natural selection tends to act at the ____ level.
55.
Humans are members of the domain _____.
56.
Organisms that survive in conditions hostile to all other forms of
life are classified in the ____ domain
57.
In which kingdom can multicellular photosynthetic organisms be
found?
58.
Which SINGLE kingdom is common to wine, cheese and bread
making?
A
B
C
D
E
AB
AC
AD
AE
BC
BD
BE
CD
CE
DE
ABC
Complete each statement of logical classification using the terms of Taxonomy
Attributes (mark all that apply)
CODE
59.
members of the same FAMILY are not necessarily members of
the same ________
60.
members of the same CLASS are NOT necessarily members of
the same __________
61.
members of the same PHYLUM are necessarily members of the
same ___________
A
B
C
D
E
AB
AC
TERM
Animalia
Archaea
Community
DNA
Ecosystem
Eukarya
Extreme
Fungi
Gene pool
Habitat
Nest
Nucleus
Plantae
Population
Protists
Species
Taxon
Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species
62.
The goal in classifying organisms should be to create categories that reflect the evolutionary
histories of organisms. What system would be best to use?
A) a three-kingdom classification system
B) a five-kingdom classification system
C) an eight-kingdom classification system
D) a system that uses as many kingdoms as necessary to be accurate
E) a system that returns to that used by Linnaeus
63.
The distinction between the sponges and other animal phyla is based mainly on the absence
versus the presence of
A) a body cavity.
B) a complete digestive tract.
C) true tissues.
D) a circulatory system.
E) mesoderm.
Page 9 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
64.
While snorkeling, a student observes an active marine animal that has a series of muscular
tentacles bearing suckers associated with its head. Segmentation is not observed, but a pair of large,
well-developed eyes is evident. The student is observing an animal belonging to which class?
A) Gastropoda
B) Cephalopoda
C) Polyplacophora
D) Polychaeta
E) Bivalvia
65.
Among the invertebrates, arthropods are unique in possessing
A) a cuticle.
B) a ventral nerve cord.
C) open circulation.
D) wings.
E) segmented bodies.
66.
While working in your garden, you discover a worm-like, segmented animal with two pairs of
jointed legs per segment. The animal is probably a
A) millipede.
B) caterpillar.
C) centipede.
D) polychaete worm.
E) sow bug.
Page 10 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Life’s Organization
MATCHING: Place the levels of organization in order from LEAST to MOST COMPLEX. Lowest LEVEL
at the bottom of the List and the HIGHEST LEVEL at the top of the list
LEVEL OF ORGANIZATION
CODE CHOICES
67.
____________________________________
ECOSYSTEMS
68.
__________________________
69.
__________________________
70.
__________________________
71.
___________________________
72.
__________________________
73.
__________________________
CELLS
74.
___________________________
75.
___________________________
76.
___________________________
77.
___________________________
78.
A
B
C
D
E
AB
AC
AD
AE
BC
BD
BE
CD
CE
DE
ABC
ABD
ABE
ACD
ACE
BCD
BCE
ATMOSPHERE
ATOMS
BIOSPHERE
CELLS
COMMUNITIES
ECOSYSTEM
ELECTROLYTES
ENERGY
GENE
HUMAN
LIFE CYCLE
MAJOR MOLECULES
METABOLISM
ORGANS
ORGAN SYSTEMS
ORGANELLES
ORGANISMS
PLANET
POPULATIONS
SMALL MOLECULES
TISSUES
ZYGOTE
What is biology?
a.
the study of animal structures
b.
the study of life
c.
the study of fossils
d.
the study of how organisms process energy
e.
the study of patterns of inheritance
Page 11 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
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FINAL EXAM
Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Life Chemistry - Major Molecules in Living Organisms
79.
Water is the basis of life as we know it because……….
a. a molecule with partial charges contacts a molecule without partial charges
b. partial opposite charges on molecules come close enough to attract each other
c. Dihydrogen monoxide is liquid in a wide thermal spectrum
d. Dihydrogen monoxide exhibits and distributes Brownian motion to all of the other
molecules within its vicinity
e. All of the above
ab. None of the above
Match the term with its associated constituents
TERM
CODE
A
80.
Carbohydate
B
C
81.
Lipids
D
82.
Nucleic Acid
E
AB
83.
Proteins
AC
84.
Minerals
AD
AE
Constituent
Amino Acids
Caustic acids
Cytosine, Guanine, Thymine, Cytosine and Uracil
Dehydration
Fatty acids and glycerol
Hydrolysis
Ions: Ca, Na, Phosphate, Carbonate
Monosaccharide, sugar
Polymer
85.
Carbon atoms are the most versatile building blocks of the molecules used by living organisms
because _____.
a. carbon is the central atom of carbon dioxide, a necessary molecule for photosynthesis
b. carbon is the central atom in urea, a molecule used by many living organisms to transport
wastes from the body
c. each carbon atom can form up to four covalent bonds with a wide variety of bond angles
d. carbon can combine with hydrogen to form hydrocarbons
e. all of the above
86.
In what polysaccharide form do plants store sugar to be available later for energy?
a. glycogen
b. cellulose
c. starch
d. protein
e. fatty acids
Page 12 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Identify the following terms with the indicated structure in the illustration
87.
Name this molecule
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Carbon dioxide
cellulose
dihydrogen monoxide
methane
ethanol
Identify the following components with its indicated structure in the illustration
TERM
88.
Hydrogen Bond
89.
Oxygen
90.
Hydrogen
91.
Positive charge
ILLUSTRATION
Page 13 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
Cell Anatomy
I
II
III
IV
See Illustrations I – IV above. Match the statement with its most appropriate term
Statement
CODE
92.
All of the illustrations represent eukaryotic cells T or F
93.
@
Name the indicated structure / region in the prokaryote
94.
Name the structure in the protozoan marked @
95.
Name the structure in the plant cell marked @
96.
The structure marked @ in the protist cell is also found
in human cells T or F
A
B
C
D
E
AB
AC
AD
AE
BC
BD
BE
CD
CE
DE
ABC
ABD
ABE
Terms
Animal
Bacteria
Cell Wall
Chloroplast
Cytoplasm
DNA
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Eukaryote
False
Flagellum
Fungus
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Plant
Plasma Membrane
Prokaryote
Protista
True
Page 14 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
97.
To enter or leave a cell, substances must pass through _____.
a. a microtubule
b. the Golgi apparatus
c. a ribosome
d. the nucleus
e. the plasma membrane
98.
Chloroplasts are found in _____.
a. plant cells and some protists
b. animal cells only
c. both plant cells and animal cells
d. neither plant cells nor animal cells
e. animal cells and bacterial cells but not in plant cells
99.
Which of the following best describes the general structure of a cell membrane?
a. proteins sandwiched between two layers of phospholipid
b. proteins embedded in two layers of phospholipid
c. a layer of protein coating a layer of phospholipid
d. phospholipids sandwiched between two layers of protein
e. phospholipids embedded in two layers of protein
100. Which of the following is the correct order, from most external to most internal?
1. cell wall
2. plasma membrane
3. capsule
A) 1, 2, 3
B) 1, 3, 2
C) 2, 1, 3
D) 3, 2, 1
E) 3, 1, 2
Page 15 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
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67163 4 Units
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RIDDELL
CYCLE OF LIFE
Match the term with its indicator in the following illustration.
101.
Consumer___
102.
Producer__
103.
Glucose
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RIDDELL
EVOLUTION
104. Which of the following statements provides the strongest evidence that prokaryotes evolved
before eukaryotes?
A) the primitive structure of plants
B) meteorites that have struck Earth
C) abiotic laboratory experiments that produced liposomes
D) Liposomes resemble prokaryotic cells.
E) The oldest fossilized cells resemble prokaryotes.
105. The animals and plants of India show large differences from species in nearby Southeast Asia.
Why might this be true?
A) The species have become separated by convergent evolution.
B) The climates of the two regions are completely different.
C) India is in the process of separating from the rest of Asia.
D) Life in India was wiped out by ancient volcanic eruptions.
E) India was a separate continent until relatively recently.
106. If the current molecular evidence regarding animal origins is well substantiated in the future, then
what will be true of any contrary evidence regarding the origin of animals derived from the fossil record?
A) The contrary fossil evidence will be seen as a hoax.
B) The fossil evidence will be understood to have been incorrect because it is incomplete.
C) The fossil record will be ignored.
D) Phylogenies involving even the smallest bit of fossil evidence will need to be discarded.
E) Only phylogenies based solely on fossil evidence will need to be discarded.
107. Natural selection has led to the evolution of diverse natural history strategies, which have in
common
A) many offspring per reproductive episode.
B) limitation by density-dependent limiting factors.
C) adaptation to stable environments.
D) maximum lifetime reproductive success.
E) relatively large offspring.
ECOLOGY
108. Biomes are
A) all of the populations of a particular species.
B) recognized on the basis of the dominant animal life.
C) a major type of ecosystem.
D) unaffected by climatic factors.
E) limited to aquatic regions.
109. Which type of biome would most likely occur in a climate with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry
summers?
A) desert
B) taiga
C) temperate grassland
D) chaparral
E) savanna
Page 17 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
110. How would the dispersion of humans in the major cities of United States best be described?
A) dense
B) clumped
C) random
D) intrinsic
E) uniform
111. Life tables are useful in determining which of the following?
I. carrying capacity
II. mortality rates
III. the fate of a cohort of newborn organisms throughout their lives
A) I only
B) II only
C) III only
D) I and III only
E) II and III only
112. A table listing such items as age, observed number of organisms alive each year, and life
expectancy is known as a (an)
A) life table.
B) mortality table.
C) survivorship table.
D) rate table.
E) insurance table.
113. Which curve best describes survivorship in oysters?
114. Which curve best describes survivorship in elephants?
Page 18 of 19
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Biology 110 – Survey of Biology
FINAL EXAM
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Summer 2015
67163 4 Units
NVC 2231
MTWTh 12:20 PM – 4:20 PM
RIDDELL
115. Life history strategies usually result from
A) environmental pressures.
B) natural selection.
C) conscious choice.
D) A and B only
E) A, B, and C
Population X Age Brackets
116. Which population is in the process of decreasing?
A) I
B) II
C) III
D) I and II
E) II and III
117. Which population appears to be stable?
A) I
B) II
C) III
D) I and II
E) II and III
118. You have a friend who is wary of environmentalists' claims that global warming could lead to
major biological change on Earth. Which of the following statements can you truthfully make in
response to your friend's suspicions? (Mark all that apply)
A) We know that atmospheric carbon dioxide has increased in the last 150 years.
B) Through measurements and observations, we know that carbon dioxide and temperature were
correlated even in prehistoric times.
C) Global warming is having significant effects on United States agriculture.
D) The amount of snow in any given region of the planet can vary year to year and even decade to
decade
E) Executives of major industries tell only the truth all of the time.
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