SS_BRS_ 15 - University of Hertfordshire

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‘I am crying because my whole life has now become one pain’
South Asian patient experiences of low mood on dialysis
Sharma S1, Mooney R1, Davenport A2, Day C3, Duncan N4, Wellsted D1, Da Silva-Gane M5,
Modi K6, 7, Farrington, K5
1
Centre for Lifespan and Chronic Illness Research, University of Hertfordshire, 2Renal Unit
Royal Free Hampstead NHS Foundation Trust, 3Renal Unit Birmingham Queen Elizabeth
NHS Foundation Trust, 4 Renal and Transplant Centre Hammersmith Imperial College NHS
Trust, 5Renal Unit Lister Hospital, Stevenage NHS Trust, 6 National Kidney Federation,
7
National Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic Transplant Alliance
Corresponding Author: Dr Shivani Sharma [email protected]
Research funded by the British Renal Society and British Kidney Patients Association (2013)
OBJECTIVE: Depression on dialysis is problematic given its association with nonadherence to treatment, increased risk of co-morbidity, and early mortality. Although patients
from South Asian backgrounds make up a sizeable proportion of renal service users in the
UK, due to language and cultural barriers, less is known about their understanding and
experience of low mood. This makes it difficult to implement suitable screening and
diagnostic practices, and ultimately limits access to psychological support. We used
qualitative methodology to engage patients who communicate predominantly or exclusively
in Gujarati, Punjabi or Urdu, and with the aim of unearthing beliefs about depression and
experiences of mood on dialysis. We also sought to explore the cultural relevance of a range
of common symptoms of distress and to identify willingness to seek support.
METHOD: Seven focus groups were held and across four NHS Trusts with high
representation of patients from South Asian backgrounds. They were facilitated by a team of
bilingual researchers with experience of working in healthcare contexts. Twenty-eight
patients participated (15 males and 13 females; mean age 57.4 years). Focus groups were
transcribed verbatim and translated into English, paying attention to retaining meaning as
opposed to literal interpretation. Thematic Analysis was used to elucidate emerging themes,
and using NVivo 10- a software programme designed to aid robust analysis of qualitative
data.
RESULTS: Detailed descriptions of depression were advanced, specifically relating to
agitation, and thinking and worrying too much. Across all language groups, there was
agreement with a core set of features of depression that align with established diagnostic
criteria, for example, sadness, crying and agitation/ irritation. Such symptoms were common
experience on dialysis. There were also aspects of depression, as per the western
conceptualisation of the condition, that were difficult for patients to relate to. For example,
‘feeling blue’. Mixed beliefs were exposed as to whether it is useful to seek support to
manage distress on dialysis, predominantly due to cultural factors restricting willingness to
disclose symptoms, and perceptions of health care professionals leading to a lack of
confidence in the usefulness of support.
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that patients from South Asian backgrounds,
specifically those with limited English language skills, have a broad understanding of
depressive symptoms and report experiences of the same whilst on dialysis. Although there
are mixed beliefs about the usefulness of seeking support, further work in the area should aim
to develop screening and diagnostic practices so as to identify patients who may benefit from
additional support. It is also important to challenge attitudes towards disclosing distress to
health care professionals.
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