Unit Test Study Guide

Name_______________________________ Class _________________ Date _____________
How does water move through the water cycle?
Answer: Water moves continuously from oceans, rivers, and other sources to the atmosphere
and back by the processes of evaporation, condensation, and precipitation.
What are the causes of waves, currents, and tides?
Answer: Most waves are caused by the wind. Surface currents are driven by winds and deep
currents are caused by differences in water density. Water density is determined by salinity and
temperature. Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and sun.
How do air pressure and temperature vary in the atmosphere?
Answer: Air pressure and temperature vary with altitude and location, resulting in distinct
atmospheric layers and predictable wind patterns.
What factors interact to produce changes in weather?
Answer: Differences in air pressure, air temperature, winds, and humidity produce changes in
What are the major factors that influence a regions climate?
Answer: The main factors that influence a region’s climate are latitude, distance from large
bodies of water, ocean currents, prevailing winds, the presence of mountains, and seasons.
Intertidal zone-first part of ocean zoning, where we would sit on a blanket
Neritic zone- is second zone. This is where we swim and boat.
Deep zone- far out where water is cold, deep
Breeze blows ocean to land by day called sea breeze, and from land to sea at night called land
breeze. This is because land is warmer during day and sea is warmer at night.