Schedule, Vocabulary List and Objectives

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11/4-11/5

Unit 4: Sensation & Perception, Motivation & Emotion

Sensation and Perception: Principles

11/6-11/9 Perception: Vision & Visual Perception

11/10-11/12 S & P: Auditory & Other Senses

115-124

124-133

133-150

4A

4B

4C

11/13-11/16 S & P: Perceptual Organization & ESP 150-169 4D

11/17-11/18 Motivation: Theories & Hunger Vocab. Quiz 327-348 4E

11/19-11/20 Motivation: Sex & Belongingness

11/23-11/24 Emotion: Theories & Expression

348-362

367-384

4F

4G

11/25-11/30 Emotion: Experienced & Stress and Health 384-406 4H

12/1-12/2 Unit 4 Exam: Sensation & Perception, Motivation &

Emotion

SENSATION AND PERCEPTION (6-8%)

AP Learning Objectives:

Discuss basic principles of sensory transduction, including absolute threshold, difference threshold, signal detection, and sensory adaptation.

Describe sensory processes (e.g., hearing, vision, touch, taste, smell, vestibular, kinesthesis, pain),

 including the specific nature of energy transduction, relevant anatomical structures, and specialized pathways in the brain for each of the senses.

Explain common sensory disorders (e.g., visual and hearing impairments).

Describe general principles of organizing and integrating sensation to promote stable awareness of the external world (e.g., Gestalt principles, depth perception).

Discuss how experience and culture can influence perceptual processes (e.g., perceptual set, context effects).

Explain the role of top-down processing in producing vulnerability to illusion.

Discuss the role of attention in behavior.

Challenge common beliefs in parapsychological phenomena.

Identify the major historical figures in sensation and perception, (e.g., Gustav Fechner, David Hubel,

Ernst Weber, Torsten Wiesel).

MOTIVATION AND EMOTION (6-8%)

AP Learning Objectives:

Identify and apply basic motivational concepts to understand the behavior of humans and other animals (e.g., instincts, incentives, intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation).

Discuss the biological underpinnings of motivation, including needs, drives, and homeostasis.

Compare and contrast motivational theories (e.g., drive reduction theory, arousal theory, general adaptation theory), including the strengths and weaknesses of each.

Describe classic research findings in specific motivation systems (e.g., eating, sex, social).

Discuss theories of stress and the effects of stress on psychological and physical well-being.

Compare and contrast major theories of emotion (e.g., James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, Schachter twofactor theory).

Describe how cultural influences shape emotional expression, including variations in body language.

Identify key contributors in the psychology of motivation and emotion (e.g., William James, Alfred

Kinsey, Abraham Maslow, Stanley Schachter, Hans Selye).

BASIC PRINCIPLES

Sensation perception bottom-up processing top-down processing

psychophysics

Selective attention (Cocktail party effect) absolute threshold

difference threshold signal detection theory sensory adaptation selective attention

Weber’s law

Gustav Fechner

David Hubel

Ernst Weber

Torsten Wiesel

HEARING

Audition frequency pitch cochlea

Hair cells place theory frequency theory conduction hearing loss

loss cochlear implant

SENSATION AND PERCEPTION VOCAB LIST

VISION cornea iris pupil lens retina receptor cells rods cones optic nerve blind spot accommodation trichromatic theory opponent-processing theory parallel processing

Young-Helmholtz

Auditory nerve

Kinesthetic sense

Vestibular sense gate-control theory sensory interaction gestalt principles figure-ground grouping depth perception visual cliff (experiment) binocular (depth) cues monocular cues retinal disparity

Gestalt:

Perceptual constancy

Perceptual set

Telekinesis

Clairvoyance

Precognition

Prophetic dreams

Extrasensory perception

(ESP) parapsychology

Motivation

Instinct

Drive reduction theory

Yerkes-Dodson law

Homeostasis

Extrinsic motivation

Intrinsic motivation

Hierarchy of needs

Self-actualization

Achievement motivation

Abraham Maslow

Henry Murray

Alfred Kinsey

James-Lange Theory

Cannon-Bard Theory

Autonomic response system

Display rules

MOTIVATION AND EMOTION VOCABULARY LIST

Set point

Basal metabolic rate

Anorexia nervosa

Bulimia nervosa

Willima James

Carl Lange

Walter Cannon

Stanley Schachter

Robert Zajonc

Richard Lazarus

Hans Selye

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