SOL 5.5 Living Systems 5.5 5.5 What are living things made of? Living things are made of cells. 5.5 5.5 Where do new cells come from? New cells come from existing cells. 5.5 How small are cells? 5.5 Cells are too small to be seen with the eye alone. 5.5 How can we see cells? 5.5 We can see many parts of a cell by using a microscope. 5.5 What do cells do? 5.5 Cells carry out all life processes. 5.5 How can organisms be grouped together? 5.5 Organisms that share similar characteristics can be organized into groups in order to help understand similarities and differences. 5.5 How many kingdoms can living things be categorized into? 5.5 Living things can be categorized into 5 kingdoms. 5.5 What are the 5 kingdoms of all living things? 5.5 The 5 kingdoms of all living things are monerans, protists, fungi, plants, and animals. 5.5 What are the characteristics of monerans? 5.5 Monerans are one celled organisms that do not have a definite nucleus. Example: Bacteria 5.5 What are the characteristics of protists? 5.5 Protists are one celled organisms that have a visible nucleus. Example: Paramecium 5.5 What are the characteristics of fungi? 5.5 Fungi are multi celled and have to live on a host organism to survive. Example: mold, mildew 5.5 What are the characteristics of plants? 5.5 Plants produce their own food. Their cells contain chloroplast and they have cell walls. Example: flowers, trees 5.5 What are the characteristics of animals? 5.5 Animals depend on other plants and animals for their food. 5.5 5.5 What are the two categories of Plants can be categorized as plants? vascular and nonvascular. 5.5 What does vascular mean? 5.5 5.5 Vascular means that the plants have special tissues to transport food and water throughout the plant. Example: trees, flowering plants What does nonvascular mean? 5.5 Nonvascular means that the plants do not have tissues to transport food and water. Example: moss 5.5 Which category do most plants belong in? 5.5 Most plants belong in the vascular category. 5.5 5.5 What are the two categories of Animals can be categorized in animals? to vertebrates and invertebrates. 5.5 What are vertebrates? 5.5 Vertebrates are animals that have a backbone. Example: fish, humans, bird 5.5 What are invertebrates? 5.5 What are the parts of a plant cell? 5.5 Invertebrates are animals with out backbones. Example: snail, clam, insect 5.5 The parts of a plant cell include; nucleus, cell wall, vacuole, membrane, cytoplasm, and chloroplast. 5.5 5.5 What are the parts of an animal The parts of an animal cell cell? include; vacuole, cell membrane, nucleus, and cytoplasm.