The Spanish-American War - Causes The United States went to war with Spain in 1898. The war was fought over the future of Cuba, which was controlled by Spain at that time. There were several causes of the war: (1) American businessmen wanted to protect their interests in Cuba. (2) Some Americans supported the Cuban people in their fight for independence from Spain. (3) There was a movement by some Americans, including President McKinley, for the United States to acquire its own empire. The Spanish-American War - Results After a quick, and complete, victory over the Spanish, the United States took control of three new territories: Puerto Rico in the Caribbean, and Guam and the Philippines in the Pacific. The U.S. was now a world power. The Roosevelt Corollary After becoming president Theodore Roosevelt made a major change to American foreign policy. The Monroe Doctrine had stated that European countries must stay out of the Western Hemisphere. The U.S. would not allow them to colonize in North and South America. Roosevelt’s Corollary (addition) to the Monroe Doctrine stated that the U.S. has the right to intervene in the countries of Central and South America if they do not conduct themselves appropriately. Open Door Policy America’s ever growing factories needed sources for raw materials and markets to sell their products. Many countries were trying to sell their products in China. At the turn of the century China was too weak to prevent foreign countries from establishing bases, or spheres of influence, in China. The United State was concerned that there would be no room left for it to establish a sphere of influence. The U.S. suggested that China adopt an “Open Door Policy” which would allow all countries access to China’s markets. Hawaii In 1893, American businessmen in Hawaii helped overthrow the Hawaiian queen and made Hawaii a territory of the United States. The U.S government knew about this coup d’état and quietly supported it. Hawaii became the most important naval base for the United States’ growing Pacific Fleet. Name: Date: Period: American Imperialism Directions: Using the placard stations around the room, answer the following questions concerning American imperialism and expansion. Open Door Policy 1. Why were American businessmen interested in China? 2. In your own words, what was the Open Door Policy? 3. Why do you think it was the United States that suggested this policy? 4. What is the point of the political cartoon shown on this placard? 5. What do you think the opinions of the Europeans are toward the policy? 6. What do the Chinese think about it? Hawaii 1. Was the takeover of Hawaii a business or government plan? Explain. 2. Why was Hawaii so important for the United States and its new empire? 3. In the cartoon, who do you think is pushing Uncle Sam into this Hawaiian marriage? 4. Why is Uncles Sam considered a “reluctant” groom? Roosevelt Corollary 1. What did the Monroe Doctrine declare? 2. How did Roosevelt change the Monroe Doctrine? 3. Is the image of Roosevelt as the world’s policeman s shown as a positive or a negative? What evidence supports your view? 4. Who might be upset wit the idea behind the Roosevelt Corollary? The Spanish American War – Causes 1. What were the three reasons the United States entered into war with Spain? 2. In your opinion, what was the best reason for going to war? 3. Why might many Americans identify (and support) the idea of Cuban independence? The Spanish American War – Results 1. Where were most of the territories the U.S. acquired in the war found? 2. Why were they important to the U.S?